Director: Jiang Shouguo
Editor-in-chief: Wang Xianguang
Editors: Lin Hailong Zhao Dong Chen Siqi Chen Xinkai Song Jinjuan
In addition: This Guidance refers to the materials provided by Danielle Crisa from International Division of the Corporation, here we show our appreciation.
China International Water & Electric Corp. (hereinafter referred to as "CWE"), is the wholly owned subsidiary of China Three Gorges Corporation. Main business of CWE is hydraulic and hydropower works. Meanwhile, involves the infrastructure projects such as power transmission and transformation, road and bridge, as well as port dredging, etc. The business covers more than 80 countries and areas in Asia, Africa and Latin America, with permanent overseas office in 31 countries and areas.
During project construction process, CWE will uphold the Five Development Ideas of Three Gorges Corporation of "Innovation, Coordination, Green, Opening and Sharing" and the idea of Sustainable Development, devote to promote local economic development by project construction, strictly obey rules and regulations of local occupational health, safety, environmental and social risk (HSES) and stipulations of the main contract, to well perform occupational disease prevention and safety management work, positively fulfill environment protection and social responsibilities, boost economic development of project host country, benefit local people, and make contribution to build a harmonious and friendly global environment with excellent project quality, outstanding safety management, and significant environmental effects.
CWE commits to:
1. Comply with rules and regulations of occupational health, safety, environment protection and social risk management of PRC, as well as laws on occupational health, safety, environment protection and social risk management of project host country. Where local legal standards are higher than China's legal standards, local legal standards shall prevail; where local legal standards are lower than China's legal standards, China's legal standards shall prevail.
2. CWE sees that employee's life is above all, committing to pursuit maximum safety management goal with zero mortality.
3. CWE adheres to the idea of sustainable development, during the construction process of hydropower station works, making implementation by referring to Hydropower Sustainability Assessment Protocol by International Hydropower Association (IHA), to explore a sustainable standards and specifications both complying with the international standards and the actual situation of the company.
4. During project construction process, CWE takes multi-level measures to avoid or minimize the adverse impact on surrounding communities and peoples, maximize to train and adopt local labor, to promote local employment and economic development, and promote utmost harmonious and sustainable development of the company and the local area.
Chapter 1 Occupational Health Management
1.1 Principles and ideas
The company upholds a principle and idea of "Safety first, prevention-oriented, continuous improvement of working conditions; people-oriented, complying with rules and regulations, continuous guarantee of physical and mental health of the whole staff", by establishing systematic management methods as well as continuous risk evaluation and dynamic control, improve technical and management capabilities, to ensure health and safety of the employee.
During daily management, gradually improve sense and level of occupational health, safety, and risk management. On the basis of ensuring the compliance with rules and regulations of home country and project host country, continuously improve the capability of guaranteeing employees' occupational health and safety by raising awareness, changing ideas, establishing methods and improving conditions, etc.
1.2 Objectives and management plan
Incidence rate of occupational disease of the employee is zero.
1.2.2 Management plan
(1) In accordance with requirements of laws and main contract of China's and project host country, in terms of risk source identification of project under construction, identify list of risk handled with priority.
(2) In accordance with the identified list of risk handled with priority, develop occupational health and safety objective, indicator and management program (including content of occupational health) and organize to conduct implementation;
(3) Take a variety of measures to mitigate, reduce and avoid risks and impacts caused by project to employees' occupational health and safety;
(4) Ensure that complaints from affected communities and external views from other stakeholders can be properly replied and managed;
(5) Check whether the occupational health and safety objectives and programs are completed and give compliance evaluation;
(6) Rectify non-compliant project, take appropriate measures, to ensure to complete occupational health and safety objectives, indicators and management programs.
1.3 Risk analysis on occupational hazards
To effectively identify occupational health hazards and control risk, before construction, the company, departments, all levels of units of project under construction will carry out risk evaluation and analysis work on occupational hazards, including identification of adverse factors that can endanger employees health and can lead to occupational diseases during production process, working process and work environment; select appropriate evaluation method to conduct risk pre-evaluation to identified adverse factors, and take corresponding management measures; moreover, make re-evaluation on the control effect of occupational hazards.
1.3.1 Classification of occupational adverse factors
(1) Adverse factors produced during production process
(a) Chemical factors. Including productive dust and toxic chemical substances;
Productive dust, such as silica dust, coal dust, asbestos dust and welding fumes etc.;
Toxic chemical substances, such as benzene, carbon monoxide, hydrogen sulfide and formaldehyde, etc.
(b) Physical factors. For example, abnormal weather conditions (high temperature, high humidity, low temperature), abnormal pressure, noise, vibration and radiation, etc.;
(c) Biological factors. For example, anthrax bacillus attached to the fur, and biological infectious pathogens that medical workers may be exposed to.
(2) Adverse factors during working process
(a) Unreasonable labor organization and system, and unreasonable work and rest system, etc.
(b) Mental occupational stress;
(c) Excessive labor intensity or improper performance quota;
(d) Overstrain of a particular organ or system, for example, eyestrain, etc.
(e) Long time postural dysfunction or use of unreasonable tools, etc.
(3) Adverse factors in production environment
(a) Factors in the natural environment, such as solar radiation during hot season;
(b)Design defects in architectural hygiene of workplace, such as poor lighting, and inadequate ventilation etc.
1.3.2 Present status evaluation of occupational hazards of project under construction
Present status evaluation of project under construction mainly evaluates workers' contact condition of occupational hazards, prevention and control of occupational hazards of project and occupational health management; on the basis of present status of mastering prevention and control of occupational hazards, find out weak point or problems in the work of prevention and control of occupational hazards, and take corresponding improving measures, to ensure the effectiveness of occupational health and safety management.
1.4 Preventive measures
Project occupational health management shall comply with the company's Measures for Prevention and Control of Occupational Hazards (QG/CWE 05.20-2016) and relevant regulations of laws of project location.
1.4.1 Materials and equipment management
(1) Give priority to adopt new technologies, new processes and new materials favorable for occupational diseases prevention and employee health protection.
(2) Place accessible instructions at the equipment that may produce occupational hazards;
(3) Set up warning signs and warning instructions at eye-catching place of the equipment that may produce occupational hazards;
(4) Works without protective measures and with occupational hazards are prohibited;
(5) Warning signs and warning instructions shall be on the package of toxic substances.
1.4.2 Workplace management
(1) Production layout is reasonable, harmful works are separated from harmless works; workplaces are separated from living place, and living in workplace is prohibited;
(2) Set up alarm device in toxic and hazardous workplaces that may generate acute occupational injuries;
(3) Equip toxic and hazardous workplace that may generate acute occupational injuries with first-aid supplies;
(4) Equip toxic and hazardous workplace that may generate acute occupational injuries with rinsing equipment;
(5) Set up emergency evacuation passageways in toxic and harmful workplaces that may generate acute occupational injuries;
(6) Set up risk relief area in toxic and harmful workplaces that may generate acute occupational injuries.
1.4.3 Work environment management and occupational hazard factors detection
(1) The project will arrange personnel to be in charge of daily detection on occupational hazard factors (hydraulic and hydropower works may involve detections of dust of underground works, CO, O2, flammable explosive gas, noise, and lighting intensity, etc.
(2) Project HSE management staff will regularly detect and evaluate occupational hazard factors in workplace in accordance with relevant regulations.
1.4.4 Protective facilities and personal protective equipment
(1) Equipped with complete and effective protective facilities against occupational hazards;
(2) Develop individual protective equipment plan, and organize implementation;
(3) Equip with personal protective equipment complying with the requirements on preventing occupational disease for employees;
(4) Establish registration records of personal protective equipment distribution for employees;
(5) Timely maintain, regularly detect protective equipment against occupational hazards, first-aid facilities and personal protective equipment, and make replacement timely and regularly.
1.4.5 Fulfill obligation to disclose
(1) Announce rules and regulations on occupational diseases prevention at eye-catching position;
(2) Announce emergency rescue measures for occupational hazard accidents;
(3) Inform the employee himself or herself who had developed occupational disease or occupational contraindication of the detailed information;
(4) Set up warning signs and warning instructions at work posts with serious occupational hazards, and types of occupational hazards, consequences, prevention and emergency treatment measures shall be clearly stated in the warning instructions.
1.4.6 Occupational health surveillance
Health surveillance not only plays a role of protecting employees' health, but also facilitates to early find out suspected cases of occupational diseases, so that the patient can be treated early. Specialized personnel are set up to be in charge of occupational health surveillance, to establish and improve occupational health surveillance records.
(1) Employees with occupational contraindications are prohibited to perform the corresponding forbidden occupational activities;
(2) Organize workers contacting occupational hazards to have pre-employment occupational physical examination in accordance with relevant regulations on occupational health of the project location;
(3) In accordance with rules and regulations of the project location, organize employees contacting occupational hazards to have on-job occupational physical examination, and inform employees of the physical examination results occupational disease;
(4) Transfer and properly place employees with occupational health injuries;
(5) Organize employees contacting occupational hazards to have off-job occupational health examination; for employees failing to have off-job occupational health examination, the labor contracts with whom shall not be cancelled or terminated;
(6) Arrange specialized personnel to be in charge of taking care of occupational health surveillance records, and properly keep them in accordance with regulated time duration;
(7) Provide employees with copies of occupational health surveillance records for free.
1.4.7 Occupational health training
(1) Employees before working shall receive occupational health training;
(2) Regularly carry out occupational health training for on-job employees.
1.5 Working condition of labors
The project provides employees with good working and living conditions, to ensure physical health of employees, to improve work efficiency of employees and to promote sustainable development of the enterprise.
1.5.1 Camp sanitation and cleanness management
The project will provide employees with working and living conditions meeting basic requirements and health demands like accommodation, canteen, entertainment, public health services, emergency and first-aid equipment and facilities, etc.
188.8.131.52 Drinking water
Drinking water shall be suitable for human consumption, and shall comply with requirements of local laws. The project shall install drinking water treatment equipment at each camp or purchase end-item barreled (bottled) drinking water or establish drinking water site for employees to drink or use as living water. Project will manage and control the drinking water quality by the following measures:
(1) Take appropriate measures to prevent drinking water source from pollution;
(2) Take appropriate measures to properly handle and distribute drinking water;
(3) In accordance with detection methods and plan stipulated by local laws, regularly detect the drinking water quality dispensed by the drinking water treatment equipment;
(4) If it is out of the given standard, find out the cause and take remedial measures.
(1) Camp canteen shall not be located in places where food safety or quality may be impacted; it especially shall not be built in environmental pollution areas, areas vulnerable to flooding and areas with rampant pests;
(2) Camp canteen shall be reasonable in layout, preventing from cross contamination of raw and cooked foods, and the minimum sanitary standards of employees' kitchen and canteen shall be identified in accordance with local rules and regulations;
(3) Waste and storage containers: Waste shall be stored in marked and sealed kitchen waste bin.
184.108.40.206 Camp canteen facilities
(1) Water supply and drainage, lighting, waste disposal, tableware cleaning and personal hygiene facilities shall be well-equipped;
(2) The canteen is equipped with natural or mechanical ventilation equipment, to ensure a cooling dining environment for the dinning staff; exhaust fan (cooker hood) shall be installed above the cooking area, and exhaust fan shall be cleaned and maintained regularly;
(3) Provide adequate storage facilities for food, ingredients and non-edible chemicals (such as cleaning materials, lubricants and fuel). Properly clean storage facilities to prevent pests from entering and hiding, and keep a good storage environment for food (i.e. keep temperature and humidity at a given level to prevent vegetables, etc. from deterioration).
220.127.116.11 Sanitary requirements on canteen staff
(1) Arrange physical examination for new canteen staff; canteen staff must comply with health standards speculated by laws, and handle health certificates in accordance with stipulations of laws;
(2) In food production process, kitchen staff shall keep themselves clean, wear chef uniforms, chef hat or head cover, appropriate shoes (prohibit from wearing sandals and high heels, etc.) and food and beverage masks;
(3) If canteen staff has symptoms of infectious diseases, he or she shall temporarily stop working and ask doctor to do examination; only when evaluation of not affecting food safety is made, can the canteen staff go to work.
18.104.22.168 Cleaning and disinfection
(1) Person in charge of the camp arranges specialized personnel to take charge of sanitary and daily cleaning activities in the camp and dormitory;
(2) Build laundry rooms, and equip with enough laundry and drying facilities for washing and drying clothes;
(3) Canteen staff shall clean food residue and dirt in the canteen at least three times a day, to keep the canteen clean and sanitary;
(4) The project will regularly conduct deratization and pests disinfection activities to the camp, to reduce pest infestation as much as possible, to cut disease infection source and to prevent diseases from generation and transmission;
(5) The project HSE management staff will regularly or randomly inspect the sanitary conditions of camp and canteen, as well as wearing conditions of personal sanitary clothing of canteen staff, to ensure to control sanitation and safety of camp and canteen.
22.214.171.124 Waste management
(1) Household waste
Equip adequate waste bins in dormitories and camp, and regularly dispose of household waste.
(2) Kitchen waste
Kitchen waste from kitchen and canteen shall be collected with special waste bins, and be disposed by qualified waste disposal unit off-site, or shall be cleaned up by local residents on the very day for domestic livestock feeding.
126.96.36.199 Medical room
(1) Set up a medical room with complete equipment in the project department, and employ doctors and nurses; qualified medical personnel are available on duty for 24 hours in the medical room;
(2) Set up nursing station at each camp, and qualified medical personnel shall be available on duty during construction;
(a) Employees who need first-aid treatment or have health problems can go to the medical room or nursing station for help;
(b) If employees having health problems need to consult project doctor or transfer to another hospital, the nurse shall contact project doctor at the first time for advice and help;
(c) If employees need to transfer to another hospital urgently, after nurse's consulting with person in charge of the camp or person in charge of HSE, arrange emergency vehicle or ambulance (as the case may be) to transfer the patient to the nearest hospital.
188.8.131.52 Washrooms and bathrooms
(1) In accordance with the requirements of local laws and the main contract, build washrooms and bathrooms; bathroom can be public bath house, and electric heating shower head can also be installed for each dormitory;
(2) Equip with adequate wash basins, flush toilets (or squatting toilets), urine devices or shower as per staff number;
(3) Built a washroom ready for first-aid purpose near medical room.
184.108.40.206 Recreation facilities In order to enrich employees' amateur cultural life, the project will build proper indoor and outdoor recreation facilities. Indoor recreation facilities may include television, fitness equipment and indoor sports facilities. Build outdoor recreation facilities in accordance with space availability and employees' demands, which may include volleyball, basketball and badminton facilities, etc.
220.127.116.11 Prayer room
Prayer room may be built or set up in accordance with requirements of local laws and main contract.
In order to solve the problem of staff going to work, the project will allocate or hire commuting vehicle to solve commuting problems of employees of certain surrounding area; or solve commuting problems by way of giving transportation allowance.
In order to ensure safety of project employees, materials and equipment as well as property in the work area, the project will employ a certain number of security personnel (professional security company or the police or the army), to arrange them at the entrances and crucial intersections to be on duty, in order to control vehicles and personnel access; strengthen security measures in important camps, entrances and material storage areas, including increasing security personnel and increasing camera installation, etc.
18.104.22.168 Housing in camp training
Before arriving at the camp and housing in the room, HSE management staff will conduct housing-in training for new employees. Training includes the following information:
(1) Housing in camp provisions;
(2) Existing amenities of the camp;
(3) Health care facilities;
(4) Recreation facilities;
(5) Emergency evacuation and emergency procedures;
(6) Other relevant information.
22.214.171.124 Dormitory arrangement All dormitories are arranged with room numbers, which are painted on the top of or on the room doors strikingly. Dormitory management staff will arrange room for employee in accordance with the employee's gender, position, nationality, religion and the employee's special requirements, and provide room key, proper furniture, daily necessities and bedding.
1.5.2 Work management under high temperature
126.96.36.199 Identification of symptoms of heat stress
Heat stress includes four cases: heat rash, heat cramps, heat exhaustion and heatstroke.
(1) Heat rash
Continuous exposure to heat or humid air may cause heat rash.
(2) Heat cramps
It caused by profuse sweating and electrolyte deficiency. Signs and symptoms include:
(a) Muscle spasm;
(b) Pain in hands, feet and abdomen;
(3) Heat exhaustion
It caused by insufficient blood circulation due to increased pressure on organs of the body, including cardiovascular blood supply insufficiency or dehydration. Signs and symptoms include:
(a) Whitening, cool and damp skin;
(b) Profuse sweating;
It is the most serious form of heat stress, embodying failure of body temperature regulation and rising body temperature to a critical level. Measures must be taken immediately before serious injury and death in order to reduce body temperature and seek qualified medical personnel for help. Signs and symptoms of heat stress include:
(a) Skin redness, fever and dryness;
(b) Adiaphoresis or decreased sweating;
(d) Dizziness and confusion of consciousness;
(e) Fast and strong pulse;
188.8.131.52 Work under high temperature
Work conditions, dressing, labor intensity and employee's individual body constitution and other factors may lead to heat stress.
(1) Individual body constitution
Everyone's sensibility to heat stress is different. Factors that may cause heat stress include the following: Poor body constitution, climate sickness, age, deprivation of body fluids, obesity, alcohol drinking, taking medicine, infection, sunburn, diarrhea and chronic disease.
The number and the type of the wearing personal protective equipment will directly cause reduced work endurance and increased risk of excessive heat stress. Therefore, the person in charge of the worksite can comprehensively consider the environmental conditions, protective equipment and other factors, to reasonably schedule work and rest time.
(3) Environmental conditions and labor intensity
The person in charge of the worksite can reasonably adjust work and rest schedule in accordance with the monitored body temperature and body fluid loss, in order to avoid heat stress reaction caused by high temperature and high labor intensity.
184.108.40.206 Preventive measures against heat stress
Measures to prevent heat stress reaction include adjusting work plan, supplementing water in time as well as training and education, etc.
(1) Adjust work plan;
(a) Adjust work and rest schedule;
(b) Decide to stop work as required;
(c) Make work shifts;
(d) Add extra work staff;
(e) Work during the cool session of a day or during night (if adequate lighting can be provided);
(f) Provide mat shelter for staff resting.
(2) Supplement water in time
Provide workers with sufficient drinking water and cups on the worksite, and supervise and urge workers to drink enough drinking water.
(3)Training and Education
Person in charge of HSE project coordinates with the first-line employee to give training of heat stress identification and emergency treatment, in order to timely find out abnormal condition and timely deal with it.
1.5.3 Work management under low temperature
220.127.116.11 Symptoms of hypothermia
(1) Frostnip: This occurs when the face or limbs are exposed to the cold wind, causing whitening skin;
(2) Frostbite: This is easy to occur when the body is at a low temperature and humidity for a long time, and body parts of distal limbs with poor blood circulation are especially easy to be injured. Symptoms of frostbite include: Skin turns to white or grayish yellow, then turns to reddish violet, and finally turns to black when tissue necrosis occurs; at first, one may feel pains, but pains will subside; blisters may appear; the infected part is cold and numb;
(3) Trench foot ("cold-dampness disease"): It caused by long time (several hours, even several days) exposure to humid environment under freezing point temperature. Once being attacked by this disease, the feet will become cold and swollen, and the appearance turns ceroid. Walking with difficulty, one will feel heavy and numb in feet. Nerve and muscle are the mainly damaged parts, but gangrene may also be developed; in severe cases, muscle necrosis will occur, and finally the whole foot or leg has to be excised. The best method to prevent this disease is to keep feet dry;
(4) Hypothermia: Symptoms include uncontrollable shaking, cold feeling, heart rate deceleration, discourse fuzziness or slowness, dull eyes, abepithymia, loss of memory, incoherent speech, drowsiness, skin coldness, slow and irregular breathing, sometimes irregular pulse, weak pulse, extreme exhaustion and still fatigue after rest.
18.104.22.168 Work under low temperature
Cold weather conditions may endanger the health and safety of employees, endanger the stability of body systems, and lead to hypothermia, frostbite and other issues. Other reasons may lead to hypothermia include:
(1) Exposure to humid environment;
(2) Exposure to strong winds;
(3) Touching damp stuff or metal;
(4) The dressing clothes are not thick enough.
22.214.171.124 Prevention and control measures
(1) Project control: Increase temperature of the worksite by using heating device for the whole or part of the worksite.
(2) Management control
(a) Do not drink alcohol or take sedative medicine before work;
(b) Drinking hot water for many times;
(c) Let employees move to warmer region whenever possible;
(d) Minimize the long time sitting or standing during work.
(3) Personal Protective Equipment
(a) The most important is to protect feet, hands, head and face;
(b) Properly wear clothing and personal protective equipment, and do not affect blood circulation;
(c) It's better to select cotton clothing and equip with other anti-cold equipment.
(4) Education and training
Project HSE management personnel carry out corresponding education and training work in accordance with the actual situation of the project. The training content shall include proper selection of anti-cold equipment, correct unfreezing and first-aid measures as well as preventive measures for avoiding low temperature injury, etc.
1.6 Education and training
(1) Project safety management department is responsible for organizing and carrying out training and education of project safety and occupational health and safety; at the beginning of each year, develops project HSE training plan, and organize all levels of HSE management personnel to implement the plan;
(2) The training contents include occupational health knowledge related to all posts of the project, occupational hazards characteristics, preventive measures against occupational hazards, operation procedures of occupational health and safety, maintenance of preventive measures and matters needing attention, protective equipment operational requirements, and regulations of relevant laws on occupational hazards prevention, etc.;
(3) Training for new employees: New employees must accept training for them; training for new employees shall focus on project work site, occupational hazard factors exist in the post, and injuries may be caused by safety hazards;
(4) Training for on-job employees: Project HSE management department will, by regular training or Bulletin announcement, learn and announce operational procedures related to occupational health posts, relevant rules and regulations, laws and regulations, related performances of new equipment, new technology and new materials, the possible hazards and the preventive measures, etc.;
(5) Training for post-transfer employees: For employees who transfer post and employees who leave the post for more than one year and return to the post again, the person in charge of construction team or construction group shall explain the possible hazards and the preventive measures for the new post;
(6) Regularly organize training, and the training time shall meet the requirements of relevant laws; meanwhile well keep training record and document work.
1.7 Labor protective equipment
Labor protective equipment refers to all kinds of supplies that can play the role of personal protection of employees during the labor process and that can prevent employees from or relieve them of all kinds of personal injuries or occupational hazards.
1.7.1 Classification of labor protective equipment
(1) By protective parts, labor protective equipment can be classified as follows:
(a) Head protective equipment. Personal protective equipment to prevent head from foreign object strike and hazards by other factors, for example, safety helmet, arctic cap, anti-static cap, High temperature-proof cap, electromagnetic radiation-proof cap, and insect-proof cap, etc.;
(b) Respiratory protective equipment. In order to prevent from inhaling harmful gas, vapor, dust, smoke, fog and the like, oxygen and clean air can be directly supplied to users; protective equipment used for ensuring normal breathing of workers in dust, toxic polluted or oxygen-deficient environments, for example, anti-dust respirator (mask) and anti-poison respirator (mask), etc.;
(c) Eye and face protective equipment. Personal protective equipment that prevent smog, dust particle, metal sparkles and flying chips, heat, electromagnetic radiation, laser and chemical splash from damaging eyes or face, for example, welding goggles, face masks and anti-shock eye protection devices, etc.;
(d) Hearing protective equipment. Personal protective equipment that can prevent excessive sound energy from intruding into external auditory canal and that can prevent ears from excessive stimulation and that can reduce hearing loss and that can prevent noise from causing adverse impact on human body, for example, earplugs, earmuffs and anti-noise helmet, etc.;
(e) Hands protective equipment. Gloves wearing by workers during work to protect hands and arms (labor protective gloves), for example, general protective gloves, cold-proof gloves, anti-poison gloves, anti-static gloves, anti-high temperature gloves, anti-vibration gloves and insulated gloves, etc.;
(f) Feet protective equipment. Protective devices that prevent toxic substances and energy from damaging the feet of employees during production process; usually called as labor protective shoes, for example, dust-proof shoes, anti-cold shoes, anti-static shoes, anti-high temperature shoes and electrically insulating footwear, etc.
(g) Body protective equipment. That's the generally-called protective clothing, for example, general protective clothing, cold-proof clothing, anti-poison clothing, anti-static clothing and anti-high temperature clothing, etc.;
(h) Skin care products. It refers to products used to prevent skin (mainly face, hands and other exposed parts) from chemical and physical factors, etc., for example, anti-poison, anti-corrosion skin care products.
(2) By usage of occupational disease prevention, labor protective equipment can be classified as follows: Anti-dust equipment, anti-poison equipment, anti-noise equipment, anti-vibration equipment, anti-radiation equipment, anti-high and anti-low temperature equipment, hands protective equipment, and feet protective equipment, etc.; Generally, labor protective equipment used for hydropower station industry to prevent occupational diseases mainly includes anti-dust equipment (e.g. anti-dust respirator and anti-dust face mask), anti-poison equipment (heavy type chemical protective clothing with liquid ammonia anti-leakage function, anti-noise equipment (anti-noise earplugs and anti-noise earmuffs), anti-vibration (anti-vibration gloves), anti-radiation equipment (welding goggles and face mask), hands protective equipment (insulation gloves), and feet protective equipment (electrically insulating footwear), etc.
1.7.2 Labor protective equipment selection
(1) Select and purchase labor protection appliances in accordance with standards of China and host country;
(2) Select in accordance with production and work environment, labor intensity, as well as existence form, nature, concentration (or intensity) of adverse factors touched by production post, and protective performance of protective equipment;
(3) Protective equipment wearing shall be comfortable, without interfering the work.
1.8 Medical services and infectious disease prevention
The project shall build medical room, equip with appropriate medical supplies, medicines and diagnostic equipment, and employ appropriate number of doctors and nurses, to provide necessary medical and first-aid service to project employees. Meanwhile, provide necessary medical training to medical staff of the project, to improve the overall medical service level of the medical staff.
1.8.1 Training for nurses
Project doctor organizes training for nurses regularly or irregularly, in order to improve the basic knowledge and first-aid knowledge of clinical care by nurses, and to strengthen the basic clinical skills and first-aid skills.
1.8.2 First-aid drilling
Project medical staff shall participate in first-aid rescue training and drilling organized and carried out by the project, in order to improve emergency treatment, emergency rescue and first-aid capabilities.
1.8.3 Disease prevention
126.96.36.199 Malaria prevention
Malaria is an insect-borne infectious disease caused by malarial mosquito sting or by being infected with plasmodium by being transfused blood from people who carrying plasmodium. Malaria has many complications, which can lead to coma and death. If workers feel unwell, they shall go to the project department medical room or nursing station in the work area for medical treatment. If the infected persons can obtain timely medical treatment during the early stage of malaria, they will recover completely.
188.8.131.52.2 Symptoms of malaria The main characteristics of this disease are periodic and regular attack, whole body ague, hyperthermia, profuse sweating, and repeated long-term attacks may lead to anemia and splenomegaly.
184.108.40.206.3 Malaria preventive measures
(1) Because mosquitos are most active at night, stay indoors as much as possible at night; wear long-sleeved clothes from dawn to dusk; use mosquito net whenever possible;
(2) Skin mosquito repellant will reduce sting numbers, but will not completely prevent from stings; excessive use than the recommended dose may cause skin irritation;
(3) Place stung by mosquito may be very itchy, do not scratch! One should use effective drugs to relieve pruritus;
(4) At dusk, spray inhalator insecticide in the dormitory;
(5) Due to the increase of drug resistance, although one has been taken preventive drugs by the regulation, one may still suffer from malaria;
(6) Drugs should always be taken with food, to minimize possible side effects.
220.127.116.11.4 Malaria management For project in malaria-endemic area, malaria control management plan shall be prepared. Management plan shall include contingency plan, local hospital contacts, drug treatment and inventory, spray disinfection preventive measures, illness records, education, training and announcement and malaria incident investigation, etc.
18.104.22.168 HBV and AIDS prevention
22.214.171.124.1 HBV preventive measures
(1) The most important preventive measures for HBV patients is to actively inject vaccine, also need to pay attention to protect vulnerable populations, and the most effective protective measures is to inject HBV vaccine;
(2) In addition, the most common method to prevent HBV is to eliminate infection source, pay attention to isolate infected patients, and also pay attention to regularly follow-up virus carrier who is on the cycle of recovery;
(3) In terms of HBV prevention, one shall keep a habit of keeping sanitary and washing hands frequently;
(4) Virus carriers should pay attention to personal hygiene, to prevent their own blood, saliva and other secretions from polluting the surrounding environment; their tableware, toothbrushes, shaving kits and toilet articles shall be divided from those of healthy people;
(5) Whether there are HBV virus carriers around or not, one shall pay attention to hygiene and safety of appliances used for injection, infusion and tooth extraction, etc.
126.96.36.199.2 HBV vaccination
(1) In accordance with requirements of host country, and in combination with the actual situation, carryout HBV vaccination work;
(2) In accordance with regulations of host country, HBV vaccine may be obtained (free or paid) from local medical organizations or health organizations;
(3) Employees have the right to accept and reject HBV vaccination, accepters and rejecters shall have written signatures which shall to be kept in medical records.
188.8.131.52.3 AIDS preventive measures Although AIDS is an infectious disease with high mortality, AIDS virus is not easily and casually infected and spread, and is completely preventable. The more the correct preventive measures against AIDS, the stronger the ability to prevent AIDS.
(1) Employees shall be self-respect, faithful to the sexual partner, and uncompromisingly refuse one-night stand;
(2) Correct use of condoms can prevent various sexually transmitted diseases including AIDS;
(3) Sharing syringes is also a main transmission mode of AIDS, therefore, uncompromisingly keep away from drugs, and do not share syringes;
(4) Reduce unnecessary blood transfusion as far as possible, if blood transfusion is obliged, local large hospitals with good medical conditions shall be selected;
(5) Tooth extraction is also a kind of invasive surgery; medical appliances used for tooth extraction shall be strictly disinfected or be disposable; without disinfection or incomplete disinfection, may lead to AIDS virus transmission due to blood contact. Therefore, do not go to private clinic to extract a tooth;
(6) AIDS virus can be transmitted through three ways: maternal-neonatal transmission, sex and blood. If you suspect that you may be infected with AIDS through these several ways, you can go to local medical organizations for HIV testing;
(7) Learn more about transmission modes of AIDS, and conduct self-protection pertinently;
(8) When one's skin and mucous membrane surface is ruptured, do not directly contact with AIDS infected person;
(9) Do not share razor, toothbrush and other personal items. It's very easy to leave a wound during shaving, while AIDS virus is transmitted via blood;
(10) Early treatment and cure venereal disease can reduce the risk of HIV infection. Patients with venereal disease and patients with abscesses, ulcers and inflammation of genital organ are more likely to be infected with AIDS.
184.108.40.206.4 Announcement and training
Through announcement and training, employees can understand relevant knowledge of AIDS and HBV, be familiar with the transmission modes and preventive measures, improve employees' prevention awareness of AIDS and HBV, and enable them to change bad habits self-consciously, to reduce the chance to be infected with AIDS and HBV.
(1) During training for new employees, carry out training on AIDS and HBV prevention;
(2) During on-job period, receive training on AIDS and HBV prevention at least once a year;
(3) Training contents include causes, hazards, transmission modes, preventive measures, personal protective equipment, HBV vaccination knowledge, exposure incident report and assessment, etc.;
(4) Training records shall be documented for future reference.
1.8.4 Insect pests control
Project shall take all possible measures to prevent insect pests. For example, insect pests can be controlled by eliminating the breeding ground and habitat of insect pests, by properly cleaning, by taking pest control measures and by properly storing materials. Especially：
(1) Timely clear waste and garbage in camps and construction sites, and do not provide pests with food or habitat;
(2) Regularly prune ground vegetation around workplace and dormitory, to avoid infestation from snakes; besides, trees shall not extend to above low-rise buildings;
(3) Drainage facilities of the worksite can prevent standing water, in order to avoid malarial mosquito breeding. Pesticide shall be sprayed regularly to any natural standing water pit that may become habitats of frogs and fish, etc. to kill malarial mosquitoes;
(4) Equip all windows with screens, and regularly spray pesticide to camps and indoor rooms;
(5) Seal water storage tank from inlet to outlet;
(6) Mosquitoes and flies bait trap of canteen facilities shall have "escape-proof" tray, which can prevent dead insects from falling down on to the food;
(7) Expelling is the preferred method for rodent control; if the above method is not feasible and rodents must be destroyed, entrapping method is recommended; if bait device is used in kitchen, the device shall be set in non-food processing area, only blood anticoagulant bait can be used, and tracking powder shall not be used for deratization in kitchen.
220.127.116.11 Camp disinfection
(1) In accordance with the actual situation of insect pests in camps, determine key disinfection of insect pest and disinfection frequency;
(2) Can employ local qualified disinfection company to have the camp disinfected, or the project purchase disinfection equipment and disinfectant to organize and carry out disinfection;
(3) Ensure that every room and grassland in the camp is effectively disinfected;
(4) Employees shall positively cooperate with disinfection, actively open the door and close the window;
(5) Before disinfection, close windows of rooms; after spraying, keep doors and windows of rooms closed for a certain time, in order to ensure the disinfection effect; after disinfection, open doors and windows of rooms, to ensure adequate ventilation and disinfectant toxicity elimination, and to ensure health and safety of personnel;
(6) During disinfection, operators shall completely wear personal protective equipment, in order to avoid damages to skin, lungs and eyes.
1.9 Occupational hazards detection and report
1.9.1 Routine detection on occupational hazard factors
(1) Project HSE management department will, in accordance with relevant requirements of laws of home country and host country and main contract, arrange personnel to take charge of routine detection of occupational hazard factors, for example, illumination intensity, noise intensity, explosive gas content, toxic and harmful gas concentration as well as other project related detections in underground excavation works, make record faithfully, and keep detection records;
(2) Detecting instruments shall meet standards of the host country, and regular verification and calibration shall be conducted in accordance with relevant regulations;
(3) Adopt siting and sampling, measuring methods and standards complying with relevant regulations of home country and host country to conduct detection.
1.9.2 Regular evaluation and analysis on occupational hazards
(1) In accordance with requirements of law, regularly and comprehensively evaluate the concentration (strength) of occupational hazards in workplace, inherent hazard of occupational hazard factors, and employees' exposure time, etc., calculate hazard index in accordance with relevant standards, and determine the hazard rating of employees work.
(2) In accordance with relevant regulations, regularly evaluate the detection result of occupational hazard factors in workplace, evaluate the protective measures against occupational hazards and the effect; if requirements for occupational hazard prevention are not met, give suggestions of protection and control measures against occupational hazards and have them implemented.
1.10 Labor rights protection
1.10.1 Occupational health and protection rights of employees include
(1) Occupational health education and training;
(2) Occupational health examination, occupational disease diagnosis, treatment, rehabilitation and other prevention service against occupational diseases;
(3) Understand occupational disease factors generated or possibly generated from workplace, harmful consequences, and protective measures against occupational diseases to be taken;
(4) The employer is required to provide preventive measures and personal protective equipment against occupational diseases complying with requirements for occupational disease prevention, and to improve working conditions;
(5) Criticize, report and accuse actions violating occupational disease prevention laws and actions endangering occupational health;
(6) Refuse command against rules and refuse to take risk to force others to conduct work without preventive measures against occupational diseases;
(7) Participate in democratic management of the employer's occupational health work, and give opinions and suggestions on prevention and control of occupational diseases.
1.10.2 Employees' obligations
(1) Obligation to learn occupational health knowledge with self-consciousness;
(2) Obligation to receive education and training;
(3) Obligation to obey rules and regulations of occupational health and safety management of the company and the project;
(4) Obligation to obey rules and regulations of occupational disease prevention and operation procedures, and to properly use and maintain preventive equipment against occupational diseases;
(5) Obligation to report accident threat of occupational disease hazards.
1.11 Communication and complaint
Through communication, project management person can transfer management information like occupational health related regulations, training plan, management knowledge and meeting content, etc. to employees, enable them to obtain corresponding management regulations and occupational health protection knowledge, do good self-protection, avoid occupational injury; through complaint, employees can also feedback occupational health problems existing in worksite and appeals to management person, timely discover and remove hidden dangers, effectively occupational diseases, and ensure employees' health and safety.
1.11.2 Ways of communication
(1) Communication and consultation on construction site
(a) Project HSE management person shall announce project HSE management policy, training plan, HSE minutes, safety notice and other information on the bulletin board of construction site, so that employees can obtain and refer to relevant documents;
(b) HSE management person of construction site is the consultant of onsite HSE, contents of consultation include HSE objectives, changes and modifications, implemented control measures, personal protective equipment and all other HSE matters that may directly impact employees.
(2) HSE committee meeting
(a) Project manager will host HSE committee meeting once a month to communicate, discuss and negotiate project HSE matters; person in charge of HSE is responsible for the organization and implementation of the meeting;
(b) HSE committee meeting minutes is to be submitted to the person in charge of the worksite for implementation.
(1) Project safety management department is responsible for daily HSE supervision; informants' hot-line telephone and email shall be publicly released on bulletin board, canteen or other striking places, in order to handle HSE violations in various work aspects where rectifications are refused;
(2) After handling complaints, project safety management department takes investigation, command to make rectification, inspection after rectification and other procedures, to ensure to complete rectification of hidden dangers, and responds to complainant about the rectification situation within 15 days;
(3) For project violations where rectifications are refused, employees can complain to the Supervisor and the Owner.
Chapter 2 Safety Production Management
2.1 Principles and Ideas
Our company adheres to the occupational health and safety policy of "Safety first, prevention first, adopting scientific methods, and keeping improving working conditions; being people-oriented, obeying laws and regulations, and always ensuring the physical and mental health of all employees", and through establishing safety production standardization and systematic operation, we continuously conduct risk evaluation and dynamic control, so as to improve safety management capability step by step, to improve the employees' safety awareness and risk-avoiding capabilities, and to ensure their life and property safety.
2.2 Objectives and Management Plan
Achieving safety production with zero death.
2.2.2 Management plan
(1) Strictly abide by the laws and regulations of China and the host country for safety production, and the requirements from standards and specifications as well as contractual documents etc.;
(2) Establish safety production management system and keep improving as per the company's Management System Manual for Quality, Environment and Occupational Health and Safety;
(3) Conduct safety production management as per the company's safety production standardization series documents;
(4) Conduct various safety production activities and daily management as per the company's requirements for safety production management.
2.3 Safety Training and Education
2.3.1 Overseas project department
Before project commencement, the overseas project department should organize safety education and trainings for all employees, and the contents should include safety production regulatory framework of the company, construction content of the project, safety management objectives, technical measures for safety and requirements for housekeeping etc. During construction, the department will regularly carry out safety education and training for new employees.
2.3.2 Construction department
Before commencement of work, the department will carry out trainings on construction content of corresponding units, technical measures for construction safety, occupational hazards, and contingency plans etc., and will also carry out safety education and trainings for new employees regularly during construction.
2.3.3 Construction team
The team should carry out pre-job training for workers in the construction team, and shall have pre-shift meetings every day to emphasize the safety hazards existing in works. Carry out trainings for newly-joint employees whenever needed on job descriptions, position responsibilities and safety operation procedures, as well as usage of personal protective equipment, and verify that their capabilities meet the requirements for the positions. Employees who haven't received safety education and training are not allowed to work.
2.3.4 Pre-job training for operators
Except for operators for special works, operators must receive operation training before working, and shall only start operating after passing the examinations; operators who have changed to other positions, or left their original positions for over one year, shall receive safety education and training and pass the examinations before starting to work in the original positions again.
2.3.5 Training for operators for special works
(1) Operators for special works must possess corresponding qualification certificates for special works before working, and the overseas project department shall organize them to learn safety operation procedures before commencement of special works;
(2) If there is no qualification examination organizations where the project locates, then the overseas project department can assign operators with Chinese qualification certificates for special works to conduct trainings and examinations to local employees, and after passing the examinations, the project department will issue qualification certificates for special works which can only be used within the scope of this project.
Before putting new technology, new process, new material and new equipment into use, specific safety education and training will be carried out for relevant operators.
2.3.7 Firefighting safety training
(1) Professions involved with firefighting safety such as project securities, canteen staffs, operators of welding and metal cutting, electricians, painters, keepers of oil depot and warehouse should receive specific training for firefighting safety before commencement of works, and those who are untrained or disqualified shall not be allowed to work;
(2) The project shall carry out firefighting safety trainings at least once a year, while pre-job trainings for new employees and safety education and trainings for overseas project department and construction teams should both include contents of firefighting safety, so as to let all employees know well about basic firefighting common sense and knowledge of escaping, as well as be capable of three skills: "knowing how to sound the alarm, knowing how to use the fire extinguishing tools, and knowing how to escape".
2.3.8 Road traffic safety training
The vehicle drivers of this project should receive road traffic safety education once every week.
2.3.9 Other safety trainings
Except for the trainings above, the project may arrange other safety trainings timely based on specific situations and actual needs.
2.4 Site Safety Code
(1) Employees should earnestly learn and obey the safety management regulations of the project, and consciously accept safety education and trainings; they should firmly establish the concept of "safety first", so as to strengthen their awareness of safety and precaution;
(2) HSE managers of the project will conduct regular or spot safety checks on the construction site, and every constructor or position shall accept checks consciously; as for unsafe factors and potential failures found, the on-site person in charge should take preventive and corrective measures immediately;
(3) When entering the construction site, labor protection appliances must be correctly used. Wear safety helmets on heads, tie helmet belts well, wear working garments, and wear labor protection shoes as well as other personal protective equipment required for entering workplace (such as dust protective shield or dust protective mask, noiseproof earmuff or noiseproof ear plug, and welding screen etc.);
(4) Safety protection facilities and safety warnings or signs must be set on the construction site, and they must not be moved or removed without authorization from the safety management personnel;
(5) Constructors must obey the safety construction disciplines:
(a) When entering the construction site, dress neatly, and do not wear high heels or slippers, or be barefoot and barebacked;
(b) Smoking should be done outdoors in the designated area;
(c) When work is done, the materials should better be used up, and the site should be cleaned. Do not throw away or litter materials;
(d) Fighting, horseplaying and working after drinking alcohol are strictly forbidden on the construction site.
(e) No peeing or defecating on the construction site;
(f) Burning wastes is strictly forbidden;
(g) Do not damage safety protections and equipment on the construction site.
(6) Electricity utilization on site should comply with the company's Management Measures for Electricity Utilization for Construction (QG/CWE 05.30-2016) as well as the electricity utilization safety standards stipulated by local laws of the project;
(7) Aloft works should comply with the company's Safety Management Measures for Dangerous Works (QG/CW E 05.21-2016) as well as the safety standards for aloft works stipulated by local laws of the project; the scaffoldings on the construction site should meet the requirements of the company's Management Measures for Erecting, Dismantling and Using Scaffoldings as well as those stipulated by local laws;
(8) Traffic safety should comply with the company's Management Measures for Road Traffic Safety as well as the relevant stipulations of the local traffic laws;
(9) Fire safety should comply with the company's Management Measures for Fire Safety as well as relevant stipulations of local fire laws;
(10) Safety management of large equipment and special equipment should comply with the company's Management Measures for the Safety of Large Construction Equipment and Special Equipment as well as relevant stipulations of relevant local laws; and operators of special works should comply with stipulations in the company's Management Measures for the Safety of Operators of Special Works;
(11) At the end of daily work, put away construction tools, equipment, and materials, and properly protect and keep the completed installations as well as equipment, tools and materials in the warehouse, preventing them from being missing or stolen;
(12) The warehouse should be dry and free of corrosive gas. Prevent the equipment and materials from deterioration, mildew, damage, and drop of performance indexes. The warehouse should be equipped with fire extinguishing equipment;
(13) Seriously take the accidents or near misses on the construction site, find out reasons and take corrective and preventive measures to avoid any more like accidents;
(14) If any accident involves casualties, rescue the injured ones immediately and protect the accident scene. Fill out and submit the accident reports truthfully and timely as per the stipulations of the company's Regulations for Reporting, Investigating and Handling Safety Production Accidents;
(15) Implement a reward and punishment system for safety, which properly rewards safety model individuals while punishes those who keeps ignoring the safety management stipulations of the company and the project with measures including criticism, warning, financial penalty and up to dismissal.
2.5 Distribution of Personal Protection Equipment
2.5.1 Distribution standard
The overseas project shall provide employees with personal protection equipment as per features of works and the occupational health and safety hazards during working, as well as relevant standards stipulated by the local government. And the minimum configuration standard should not be lower than China's General Requirements for the Distribution of Personal Protection Equipment (GB/T 29510).
2.5.2 Distribution requirements for labor protection appliances of the project
(1) The project has compiled management systems for procurement, acceptance, storage, distribution, usage, replacement and abandonment etc. of labor protection appliances;
(2) The procured labor protection appliances should meet the standards stipulated by the local laws of the project, and should consider engineering and physiology principles as much as possible;
(3) The HSE management department will carry out education and trainings on the usage of labor protection appliances, so as to ensure that the employees are using the appliances correctly as per rules of usage and requirements of protection;
(4) The department will give out personal protection equipment to employees without charges, and will not refuse to provide personal protection equipment for employees due to various reasons, nor replace the personal protection equipment ought to be equipped with currency or anything else;
(5) Establish personal protection equipment collection records for the employees, and inform them of service lives while issuing labor protection appliances.
2.5.3 Requirements for Employees to Use Labor Protection Appliances
(1) Before using labor protection appliances, employees should check their protection functions as per requirements for usage, so as to verify if there is any defect or damage of appearance, if all parts are tightly assembled, if they are easy to start, as well as the efficiency of protection against hazardous factors etc.;
(2) The employees should correctly use the labor protection appliances strictly as per the Instructions, and should properly keep them;
(3) If employees have found any function defect before using the labor protection appliances, do not use them and replace immediately.
2.5.4 Replacement and abandonment
(1) The project will timely replace and abandon expired and invalid protection equipment as per the requirements of the product instructions;
(2) Equipment meeting any of the condition below can be abandoned:
(a) Technical indicators do not meet the national or industrial standards;
(b) Damaged during usage or storage;
(c) Found not to meet the relevant standards during regular inspections;
(d) Having reached the service life.
(3) Abandoned and expired personal protection equipment should be destroyed immediately, so as to avoid being misused.
2.6 Safety Signs
2.6.1 Requirements for safety signs on the construction site
(1) The usage, color, wording, size, posting and other requirements of the sign boards should conform to the requirements of the local laws, and the signs should be marked with Chinese and local official language(s);
(2) Set safety signs and sign boards at construction site entrance, easily-seen or dangerous places, and the content of the sign boards should be legible and understandable;
(3) Where there is danger of electric shock, the sign boards should be made of insulating materials;
(4) The safety signs and sign boards must not be moved or removed by anyone before getting approval from the safety management department;
(5) The HSE management department and the person in charge of the worksite should regularly check and clean the sign boards, and if it finds any distortion, damage, discoloration, falling off of graphic symbols, and brightness aging etc., replace or repair them immediately so as to keep them in good conditions;
(6) Safety signs should be installed firmly to ensure that they do not topple, fall or impede traffic etc. and thus cause dangers;
(7) When the safety signs are set on walls or other existing structures, the color of the signs should form a contrast color against the background dominant color;
(8) Remove expired safety signs timely;
(9) The safety supervision and management department should conduct daily supervision and inspection well and timely correct any problem found;
(10) The project will carry out corresponding publicity and training, so that the on-site personnel know the procedure for using the safety signs.
2.6.2 Safety colors
Safety colors are those carrying safety information to express meanings like prohibition, warning, direction and remind etc. Using safety colors may help the on-site personnel quickly respond to objects and environment that threaten their safety and health, so as to prevent accidents from happening. Safe colors include red, blue, yellow and green.
(1) Red, meaning prohibition, stop and danger;
(2) Yellow, meaning attention and warning;
(3) Blue, meaning direction or rules that must be followed;
(4) Green, meaning safe, remind and good to go.
2.6.3 Types of safety signs
(1) Danger signs: they are installed where there are direct dangers, used to show existence of danger;
(2) Prohibition signs: they use symbols or words to express a kind of forcible command, so as to prohibit certain behaviors;
(3) Warning signs: they use symbols or words to indicate danger and to proceed with caution, or used to describe the characteristics of dangers;
(4) Safety indication signs: they are used for indicating locations of safety facilities and safety services, and herein they also provide main safety instructions and suggestions about the safety measures;
(5) Fire signs: they are used for indicating locations of firefighting facilities and fire alarms as well as how to use them;
(6) Direction signs: they are used for indicating the directions of normal and emergency exits, fire escape and safety facilities, safety service and washrooms;
(7) Traffic signs: they are used for showing the staffs indications and warnings related to traffic safety;
(8) Information signs: they are used for indicating information of special characteristics, such as parking lot, warehouse or phone booth etc.;
(9) Forcible action signs: they are used for indicating commands to execute certain actions and preventive measures needed to be taken. For example, wearing protective shoes, helmets, and goggles etc.
2.6.4 Setting of safety signs
(1) Where there is traffic that needs restrictions, set relevant signs like height limit, width limit and speed limit;
(2) Set safety protection signs as per requirements on the construction site, for example: "Helmets are required", "Protective goggles are required", "Protective shoes are required" and "Ear protectors are required" etc.;
(3) At locations such as transformers, power distribution rooms, power distribution boxes, set signs like "Danger of electric shock" and "Do not approach";
(4) At machinery operation parts where injuries caused by machinery rolling, compacting, grinding, and cutting etc. are prone to happen, set signs like "Beware of machinery injuries";
(5) At locations for rebar processing and mechanical and electrical installations, differentiate various workplaces by stripped warning tapes. At cross-operation sites for machinery equipment installations, set safety passageways with stripped warning tapes;
(6) At production and accommodation sites, mark out the emergency escape routes with dots and arrows as per the nearest escape point or "Exit";
(7) Set reminding signs such as "Beware of safety" and "Danger of falling over" at dangerous parts of all foundation pits, pot holes, edges and high side slopes etc.;
(8) Set prohibition signs at flammable and combustible sites such as oil depots and explosive magazines. For example: "No smoking", "Do not carry kindling", and "Do not use cellphone" etc.;
(9) Set indication signs on firefighting tools and emergency equipment etc. For example: "Fire extinguisher storage spot", and "Fire hydrant" etc.;
(10) Other necessary signs.
2.6.5 Installation of safety signs
(1) Select the appropriate locations to install safety signs, posing no harm to the on-site personnel;
(2) The safety signs should be erected where the attention of on-site personnel can be drawn, and should be installed at heights higher or flush with people's sightline;
(3) Danger and warning signs should be set no less than 100m ahead of the sources of danger, so as to ensure that the on-site personnel will have enough time to evade dangers;
(4) Safety signs and warning signs are not allowed to set on mobile objects, and they should not be moved by anyone without approval.
2.7 Inspection and Improvement
In order to timely find out and rectify safety hazards existing in the production process, and to effectively prevent safety production accidents from happening, the Corporation, CWE and all business segments and project departments will organize various safety production inspections and hazards identification, as well as receive the inspections from relevant local safety departments.
(1) Domestic inspection
(a) Safety production inspection visit: Safety inspections carried out by relevant national supervision departments, relevant supervision departments of the Corporation, and company leaders during their inspection visits to the project.
(b) Safety production inspection tour: When persons in charge of departments of the company go to an overseas project to inspect works, they will inspect the safety production situations of the overseas project department and fill out the table of inspection of project under construction.
(c) Specific safety inspection: The department of quality, safety and environment of the company will carry out specific safety inspections to key projects and key construction processes as per specific safety inspection plans formulated in the beginning of the year.
(2) Project daily inspection
(a) Monthly safety production inspection: The project department will organize all construction departments to carry out a thorough and comprehensive inspection to their own project once per month. The contents of the inspection are construction department trainings, situations of employment with certificates, construction quality, implementation of construction and safety technical measures, as well as disobediences of regulations and rules on the construction site and construction camp.
(b) Weekly inspection: The safety production functional department of the project department and the construction department should respectively carry weekly inspections. The full time safety management personnel of the safety production functional department of the project department will inspect key project construction contents of the week, and re-inspect the hazard rectifications of last week.
(c) Deputy inspection: The half-time safety officer of the construction team will conduct inspections daily to the construction works. The inspection contents are unsafe behaviors of personnel and unsafe states of things on the workplace of the construction team.
(d) The project will conduct safety production hazard identification every month, involving safety production system and general inspection of management, living quarters, sites, materials and tools management, scaffoldings, safety protection, construction electricity utilization, hoisting and lifting, machinery safety, construction machineries, security and firefighting etc., and will monthly submit Feedback Table for Identification and Rectification of Safety Production Hazards and Monthly Report of Identification and Rectification of Safety Production Hazards to the department of quality, safety and environment for putting on record.
(3) Inspection by the host country
(a) Specific inspection: During construction of the project, if the national leaders and persons in charge of relevant functional structures of the government are coming to visit, then the Owner and Supervisor will carry out an overall inspection of occupational health, safety and environment before their visit.
(b) Daily inspection: Regular safety and environment overall inspections, site inspection tours and deputy inspections organized by the Owner and Supervisor. They will focus on the unsafe behaviors of personnel and unsafe states of things as well as management flaws on the construction site.
(c) Annual examination: According to the laws of certain countries, the local government functional departments will conduct an examination to the occupational health, safety and environment on the projects every year, including system, interior work material collating, and site inspections etc.
(1) Each time after a domestic inspection and a project self-inspection, all units will issue a Notice of Rectification of Accident Hazards to units responsible for the identified accident hazards based on the results of hazard identification. The main contents of the Notice include serial number, the unit executing the inspection, the unit under inspection, inspection date, problems found, requirements for rectification, and deadline for rectification etc.; the unit executing the inspection should supervise the rectification and completion of accident hazards, and the unit under inspection should timely rectify and give feedback as per the requirements of "five implements" (rectification measures, responsibilities, funds, time limits and plans) for accident hazard rectifications;
(2) During rectification of accident hazards, all projects should take corresponding safety precautions to prevent accidents from happening. If safety cannot be guaranteed before or during accident hazard identification, then the operators should first be evacuated from the danger zone, and also evacuate others who could be affected; warning marks should be set to indicate out of production or out of service for the moment; for relevant production storage devices, facilities and equipment that are difficult to stop operating temporarily, strengthen maintenance and upkeep to prevent accidents from happening;
(3) After receiving inspections by local government functional departments, the Owner, and the Supervisor, and upon receiving the rectification notice, the project will immediately take actions, mobilize necessary manpower, materials and financial resources to conduct rectification timely, so as to completely eliminate hazards and prevent accidents from happening.
2.8 Emergency Treatment
2.8.1 Contingency plan
(1) The project department should, according to the identified and potential emergencies and contingencies, formulate corresponding contingency plans, set up emergency commanding division, differentiate responsibilities of all parties, determine emergency treatment procedures and equip with sufficient emergency resources etc., so as to facilitate the quick response to contingencies and coordination and implementation of various emergency works;
(2) The contingency plan prepared by the project department includes comprehensive contingency plans, specific contingency plans and on-site treatment options;
(3) The project should compile contingency plans that meet local requirements according to local laws, regulations and standards, and should report to relevant local and national departments for approval or putting on record;
(4) The project should conduct emergency drills as per relevant stipulations of the company's management system for safety production or the requirements of local laws, so as to verify the applicability, dependability of the plans, as well as the capabilities of the emergency teams for coordinating, responding and practicing.
2.8.2 On-site emergency resources and configuration
(1) The construction site should be equipped with alarms that meet requirements, so as to quickly notify all personnel on site when an emergency happens;
(2) Provide all necessary safety warning signs, firefighting equipment, emergency equipment and materials (such as rescue stretchers, oxygen tanks, and first aid medicine boxes etc.) on the construction site and camps as per relevant stipulations and standards of local laws;
(3) The camps and the underground tunnels should be equipped with necessary emergency lamps, emergency evacuation indication signs, and emergency evacuation meeting point signs etc. Prepare emergency evacuation layout plans of all work areas and camps and post them at easily seen places, so as to let the personnel know information such as locations of firefighting facilities, water sources, and emergency accesses as well as escape routes etc., helping them to escape timely when a force majeure happens;
(4) Based on specific situations, the project department should establish central medical rooms, and all work areas should set up nursing stations equipped with necessary ambulances, medical equipment and medicines, where nursing staff are hired for handling on-site temporary emergency treatments;
(5) Based on specific situations, set up a half-time emergency rescue team of the project responsible for emergency treatment of contingencies;
(6) The project should be equipped with radio communication systems and telephone systems to realize normal communications and emergency communications.
2.8.3 Emergency drills
(1) According to stipulations of national or local laws, the project will regularly carry out emergency knowledge trainings and emergency drills;
(2) Personnel from local professional organizations (such as firefighting and medical departments) can be invited for emergency drills; and drills can also be organized by project safety management personnel (including the doctors on the project);
(3) Compile drill plans before emergency drills and evaluate effects after completion.
2.9 On-site Safety and Housekeeping
2.9.1 Construction area layout
(1) Person in charge of the workplace should timely arrange personnel to clean and clear up the workplaces on a daily basis to prevent tripping, slipping and fire hazard from happening;
(2) Provide enough space for storing new materials, devices and equipment as well as recovered and excessive materials;
(3) Excessive materials should be separately stored from the newly arrived materials, so as to avoid mixing;
(4) Regularly clear up garbage, debris, wastes and other rubbishes in the work areas, disposing them of as per garbage management regulations of the project.
2.9.2 Entrance and exit
(1) All emergency exits and passages, fireproof doors, firefighting emergency smash glass alarm buttons, firefighting equipment, nursing stations and other emergency locations should be kept clean and unobstructed;
(2) Walkways, aisles, stairs and passages should all be kept clean and unobstructed.
2.9.3 Management of materials, tools and equipment
(1) Materials and equipment should be neatly and orderly piled up to prevent slipping, falling or collapsing of materials;
(2) Eliminate fragments, nails and sharp edges or take corresponding protective measures to lower the possibility of getting hurt;
(3) Strengthen management of materials, tools and equipment, and prohibit unauthorized ingress or egress;
(4) Goods stored on the flat ground should not be higher than 3m;
(5) Materials should be stored on sleepers that do not affect traffics, and should have good protection against rain;
(6) Tools and equipment should be moved into the stipulated storage area as soon as possible, so as to ensure the cleanliness and tidiness of the workplace.
2.9.4 Waste management
(1) Workplaces should be timely cleaned to ensure being free of debris, wastes or other garbage, and garbage should be sorted and stored in garbage bins;
(2) Garbage storage areas should be set on the construction site, separated from the workplaces;
(3) Hazardous wastes should be collected and put into garbage bins with lids and labeled with danger warning signs; fences and signs should be set for hazardous garbage storage areas;
(4) Waste containers should comply with garbage sorting colors and indications stipulated by local laws;
(5) Store explosive, flammable or poisonous wastes with metal bins with lids; and regularly hire qualified hazardous garbage disposal companies to dispose them of;
(6) Based on specific situations of the project and wastes, set suitable garbage bins for storing waste materials and other debris;
(7) Liquid (such as paint, solvent, diluent, oil and grease) and any other materials or containers for containing chemicals should be disposed of as per local regulations for waste management;
(8) Clear waste timber, waste materials and garbage out of the construction area timely as per construction progress.
2.9.5 Management of spills
(1) Spills (such as oil or grease, except for water) on the construction site should all be cleaned up; sand, saw dust, oil-absorbing cloth or other appropriate materials can be used for cleaning;
(2) Clean up the spills according to the requirements of the chemicals MSDS provided by the manufacturer;
(3) Cleared pollutants should be stored in airtight containers, and should receive safety treatment; those classified as hazardous garbage should be disposed of as per their type;
(4) The on-site HSE management personnel are responsible for directing the workers to clean up the spills.
2.9.6 Cable, wire, lead and hose
(1) Electric welding leads, electric wires, metal wires, cables and other temporary systems should be laid as per standards, and should be kept away from road surfaces;
(2) No temporary electrical devices or hoses should be installed in sidewalks and stairs.
2.10 Rights and obligations of labors
2.10.1 Employees' rights
(1) The right to sign labor contracts and enjoy injury insurances;
(2) The right to obtain labor protection appliances stipulated by law;
(3) The right to know the hazardous elements existing on their workplaces and positions, preventive measures and emergency measures, as well as the right to put forward suggestions for the safety production of this project;
(4) The right to criticize, accuse, charge against problems existing in the safety production of this project or behaviors endangering lives and health, and also the right to refuse commands against regulations or forced risky works;
(5) When emergencies happen during constructions and endangers personal safety, the employees shall have the right to stop working immediately or evacuate from the dangerous areas after taking necessary emergency measures;
(6) When accidents happen, the employees shall have the right to obtain timely medical aids and injury insurances;
(7) Implement special labor protection policies for female employees and juvenile workers working on the construction site.
2.10.2 Employees' obligations
(1) The employees should receive safety production education and trainings, master safety production knowledge necessary for their own jobs, improve safety production skills, reflect upon lessons of accidents, improve safety awareness and strengthen capabilities for preventing accidents and handling emergencies;
(2) During working, the employees should strictly follow safety production regulations and operation procedures of the project, listen to other people's reasonable suggestions and obey on-site management, and they should also correctly wear and use labor protection appliances;
(3) Upon finding out accident hazards or other unsafe factors, the employees should immediately report to the on-site safety production management personnel or the project leaders, and those who received the reports should deal with them timely.
2.11 Communication and complaint
Through communication, project management personnel can deliver management information like safety production regulations, training plan, management knowledge and meeting content, etc. to employees, enable them to obtain corresponding management regulations and protection knowledge, do good self-protection, avoid safety production accidents; through complaint, employees can also feedback safety production problems existing in worksite and appeals to management personnel, timely discover and eliminate hazards, effectively avoid safety production accidents from happening, and ensure employees' safety.
The content of communication is the same as in Section 11.2 of Occupational Health.
The content of the complaint is the same as Section 11.3 of Occupational Health.
Chapter 3 Management of Environment Protection
3.1 Principles and Ideas
Adhering to the principles and ideas of "saving energy, reducing consumption, and reduce carbon emission; obeying the law and providing eco-friendly services; preventing pollution and protecting local environment; continuously improving and increasing environment benefits", the company will protect the environment to the furthest extent and reduce damages from construction activities to the local environment while providing the customers with products and services meeting their requirements and expectations.
3.2 Objectives and Management Plan
Avoid significant or even worse environment pollution accidents, and to ensure that there will not be significant harm done to the environment.
3.2.2 Management plan
(1) Based on laws and regulations of China and the host country and relevant requirements of the main contract, identify project environment factors and determine the key environmental factors of the project;
(2) Based on the identified key environment factors, formulate environmental objectives, indicators and management plans and organize implementation;
(3) Take a variety of measures to mitigate, reduce and avoid risks and impacts caused by project to the environment;
(4) Ensure that complaints from affected communities and external views from other stakeholders can be properly replied and managed;
(5) Check whether the environmental objectives and programs are completed and give compliance evaluation;
(6) Rectify non-compliant project, take appropriate measures, to ensure to complete environmental objectives, indicators and management plans.
3.3 Industrial and Domestic Sewage Treatment
Industrial and domestic sewage treatment and pollutant emission on the construction site should meet the stipulations of laws of the project's host country.
3.3.1 Environmental risk of water pollution on the construction site
Environmental risks of water pollution on the project construction site include:
(1) Lateral migration of soil pollutants towards nearby sensitive receptors;
(2) Shallow groundwater quality degradation during earthwork;
(3) Improper pollutant emission during cleaning activities, equipment cleaning or other cleaning processes;
(4) Improper emissions of water used for pressure tests (hydraulic tests) ;
(5) Improper management of contaminated rainwater or rainwater containing sediments;
(6) Improper control and management of hazardous wastes;
(7) Hazardous materials spillage caused by improper storage and handling of materials.
3.3.2 Drinking water
(1) Drinking water and non-drinking water should be supplied in different pipelines;
(2) Make sure that the drinking water meets relevant requirements of water quality from the world health organization, and conduct chemical, physical and biological parameter tests and analyses to water quality in qualified laboratories, so as to meet the standards and guidelines of WHO.
3.3.3 Pollutants control
(1) The project should, according to the requirements of relevant laws of the host country, strengthen control of on-site hazardous materials (including oil drums or oil tanks), properly store and keep hazardous materials (such as building rainproof shelters and anti-seepage pools), and equip anti-seepage tools (including shovel, sand or saw dust, oil-absorbing cloth, iron bins for hazardous garbage, oil-absorbing cloth or belt, red garbage bags, and rubber gloves), so as to ensure that oil or other pollutants will not enter waterways or groundwater;
(2) Special preventive measures must be taken for relevant works that are supposed to have sediments containing chemical toxicants or other building materials, so as to avoid emitting the chemicals into the water body;
(3) Before using chemicals, the person in charge of HSE will conduct detailed inspections to MSDS of all chemicals used for construction, so as to minimize the influence to water quality and environment;
(4) Do not store pollutants within 30m near the watercourses (if it's already been clearly defined by laws of the host country, then execute accordingly) or refuel near the water body;
(5) Inspect equipment on a daily basis and maintain regularly, so as to prevent pollutants from leaking onto the ground or water surface.
(1) The waste disposal area should be at least 50m away from the edges of water body or drainage systems;
(2) The gradient of the waste disposal area should better be lower than 45 degrees, so that soil erosion will be reduced to the lowest level.
(1) Industrial sewage of hydraulic and hydropower works generally contains large quantities of gravel, mud and sand. Such sewage is to be discharged after sedimentation in the temporary sedimentation basin and reaching relevant standards;
(2) The sedimentation basin should be designed as per inflow and outflow water quality parameters of the industrial water and relevant parameters of the sedimentation basin (such as surface load, sedimentation time and horizontal velocity etc.), and should be built after consultation and approval;
(3) The sedimentation basin is to be designed, constructed and put into operation in the meantime with the main part of the project;
(4) Water pump generators used for cleaning the settled sludge should be put in the anti-seepage pool to prevent oil from spilling onto the ground.
3.3.6 Waste water management and treatment
(1) Waste water generated during construction works (such as gravel aggregate production, concrete tank truck or mixing station cleaning) should be guided to the sedimentation basin through drainage channels for concrete or cement mortar for discharging after sedimentation;
(2) Waste water from the canteen should be guided towards the oil separator through pipes, and should be discharged after being properly treated;
(3) Other domestic waste water should be guided to the septic tank through pipes, and should be discharged after being properly treated;
(4) Clean the oil separator and the septic tank on a regular basis; cleaning can be conducted by the project's own personnel or by a qualified third party.
3.3.7 Water quality inspection
Based on the stipulations of laws of the host country of the project and the requirements of the main contract, conduct outflow water quality inspections to drinking water, sedimentation basin outflow water, oil separator outflow water, concrete sedimentation basin (including sedimentation basins for processing waste water used in cleaning the mixing stations and cement tank trucks) outflow water as per regulated frequencies and inspection items. If non-compliances are found, analyze the reasons and take corresponding engineering and technical measures to make the quality of the processed water meet stipulations of law.
3.4 Emissions Control of Harmful Gas
(1) Air pollutants associated with construction activities include carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and volatile organic compounds (VOC);
(2) Poorly maintained and poorly operational mixing station equipment, heavy machineries, generators and vehicles can all result in air pollution.
3.4.2 Waste gas emission from vehicles and equipment
(1) Conduct upkeep and maintenance to equipment and vehicles regularly, so as to reduce waste gas emission as much as possible;
(2) Fuel used on site should meet the requirements of specification for local standard fuel;
(3) If possible, set the stationary equipment far away from sensitive and inhabited buildings;
(4) The equipment should be operating normally without any leakage of fuel, hydraulic oil and lubricant, and the emission of pollutants should be within the scope specified by the manufacturer.
3.4.3 Harmful gas emission during construction works
During engineering blasting operations, air pollutions such as poisonous and harmful gas, dust, combustible gas can be generated. Especially in underground engineering blasting, due to confined space and poor ventilations etc., diffusion of fume and poisonous/harmful gases is slow, therefore they will cause greater environmental pollution and do harm to the health of constructors. The prevention and control measures of harmful gas in underground engineering construction are:
(1) Based on the characteristics of cavity layout, design a reasonable scheme for ventilation and smoke extraction;
(2) Strengthen inspections to air in the cavity (generally inspect the contents of CO, CO2, NO2, O2 and combustible gas); once harmful gases in the cavity are found to be beyond standards, corresponding measures must be taken, otherwise no work shall be allowed to proceed inside;
(3) The ventilation equipment should be of good performance and significantly effective, and the ventilation rate should meet requirements of relevant specifications; the quality, erection, and supports of the ventilation pipes should meet relevant safety requirements; during ventilation, no personnel may be injured due to poor installation of ventilation pipes;
(a) Wet drilling should be adopted for underground engineering excavation;
(b) Diesel driven machineries or diesel generators with low pollution and waste gas purification devices should be used in the tunnels; no gasoline driven machineries are allowed to enter the tunnel;
(c) Rail haulage (e.g. battery cart) should better be adopted for constructions in long tunnels;
(d) Procure dustproof labor protection appliances and distribute to employees;
(e) Compile and implement specific prevention and control measures for underground engineering containing harmful gases such as mashgas.
3.5 Dust Control
(1) Site preparation, excavation works, road preparation, road holes, aggregate production and vehicle running on dirt roads can all produce particulates and dust;
(2) Some activities may cause air pollution, such as concrete mixing station, underground engineering blasting, and vehicles running on dirt road etc.
3.5.2 Dust prevention and control measures
(1) In order to minimize the impact of dust, necessary measures should be taken for all areas of excavation, material stacking, passages, garbage and other work areas, so as to prevent generation of dust;
(2) Use watering carts or water tanks to settle dust for road sections with significant dust;
(3) Wash off the dirt on the wheels before the vehicles leaving the construction site, so as to ensure that no mud or dirt will be carried onto the roads;
(4) Set speed limits for light and heavy vehicles, so as to reduce dust and traffic accidents;
(5) Maintain cleanliness and tidiness of roads of the workplace, where no mud or debris are present;
(6) Harden or pave concrete on the main passageways of the camp, so as to minimize dust;
(7) Use canvas to cover dumpers transporting materials such as mud and slags which are prone to generate dust;
(8) Adopt wet drilling for underground works; after blasting, methods like increasing ventilation rate, extending ventilation time, and forcing to use dustproof labor protection appliances should be used to reduce harm due to dust, and to avoid occupational diseases such as pneumoconiosis from happening.
3.5.3 Cement dust control
Take the following management measures to reduce dust produced by concrete mixing stations:
(1) Try to use bagged cement; when using bulk cement, it should be stored in the sealed bunker of the mixing station or other sealed containers to minimize dust problems;
(2) The bagged cement storage area should have sealed containments on three sides, with rain protections on top; cement should be stored on planks of certain height, so as to prevent it from being invalid due to damp or generating dust;
(3) Dust minimization measures for sand and gravel aggregate piles include:
(a) The location of the aggregate bunker should be able to avoid influence on stored materials from the prevailing wind;
(b) The aggregate should have a rainproof shelter on top, concrete ground at bottom, with walls built on three sides;
(4) Prevention and control measures for dust from the sand and gravel aggregate production system:
(a) The location of the sand and gravel aggregate production system should be away from the office area, living quarters and residential area, so as to reduce influences of dust to these areas;
(b) Adopt the all-wet aggregate production system to reduce dust pollution;
(c) While working, the operators of the sand and gravel aggregate production system should wear dustproof and noiseproof labor protection appliances.
3.6 Noise Control
3.6.1 Noise sources on the construction site
Common noise sources that can cause blast deafness or occupational noise-induced deafness on the construction site are:
(1) Blast noises caused by out-bursting noises such as explosions of production equipment, quarrying and blasting operations can cause hear loss or serious injuries within a short period of time;
(2) Disturbances caused by air pressure changes, and aerodynamic noises caused by interaction between air and other objects. For example, noises made by fans, air compressors, and pneumatic tools etc.
(3) Mechanical noises made by vibrations of solid components due to mechanical forces such as mechanical impacts, frictions or unbalanced rotation of masses. For example, noises made by lathes, electric saws, ball mills, grinders, pile drivers, and vibrators etc.
(4) Electromagnetic noises caused by vibration of electrical components due to magnetic field pulses and magnetostriction. For example, noises made by generators and transformers etc.
3.6.2 Noise control measures
(1) Noise control measures for industrial noises are:
(a) Eliminate or reduce the sources of noise and vibration. For example, change thumping molding into hydroforming; use insulating materials such as rubber, cork wood and gravel to insulate noises;
(b) Eliminate or reduce the spread of noise and vibration. For example, sound absorption, sound insulation, vibration isolation and damping;
(c) Equip with all necessary personal protective equipment, and strengthen occupational health surveillance.
(2) Engineering practice measures are:
(a) Install and maintain construction devices and equipment as per the manufacturer's instructions;
(b) Equipment with lower noise level may be adopted;
(c) Two or more noisy equipment should not be used at the same time or location;
(d) Use silencers and deafeners etc.;
(e) Use sound insulation boards, baffles, baffle boxes, and sound-absorbing materials etc.;
(f) If possible, isolate the operators from the noises;
(g) In the induction trainings and daily trainings, inform the employees of workplace noise sources, influences of noises on hearing, noise control measures taken on site, as well as purpose and usage of personal hearing protection equipment etc.;
(h) Issue personal protective equipment free of charge to employees working under noises;
(I) Set safety warning signs in the noisy zones to remind personnel of wearing personal protective equipment;
(j) Before induction, employees are required to go to hospitals specified by the project or professional medical organizations to take hearing tests, so as to verify their hearing levels;
(k) Conduct annual hearing tests regularly for employees working in noisy environment; those who are found to suffer from hearing loss should be transferred to other positions, and their recovery of hearing should be followed up;
(l) Conduct hearing tests for employees working in noisy environment in physical examination when they leave their posts.
3.7 Solid Waste Disposal
3.7.1 General procedure for waste management
(1) Estimate the types and quantities of waste that may be generated at each stage;
(2) Identify processes that may generate hazardous waste, and determine and select on-site waste management programs;
(3) Determine the scope and responsible persons of waste management at each working face. It can be outsourced to qualified local waste clean-up companies or hazardous waste clean-up companies. Clarify the responsibilities and obligations of the parties.
3.7.2 Classification of waste
Typical solid waste from field offices and construction sites includes:
(5) Kitchen waste;
(6) Broken and discarded glass container;
(7) Hazardous waste type (A): discarded metal products, sheets and rod-shaped metals;
(8) Hazardous waste type (B): waste oil and oil contaminated soil, and construction materials;
(9) Special waste - [Hazardous waste type (C): discarded electronic components and consumables, discarded copier and fax toners, used batteries, etc.]
3.7.3 Waste collection and management
(1) Provide necessary waste collection containers at each camp and appropriate workplace in accordance with the criteria and principles for waste separation in the host country of the project;
(2) The waste in the waste collection container will be sent to the temporary storage point of the waste in each working face (established anti-seepage pool, rainproof shelter and indicator). Periodically, the waste at the temporary storage point is transported by dump trucks or other vehicles to the landfill designated by the local government, or cleared by the local municipal department. Reuse the recyclable waste as much as possible, and process the non-recyclable waste as soon as possible in order to comply with the local environment law requirements;
(3) The waste generated at each working face can be divided into:
(a) General waste;
(b) Hazardous waste, including waste oil, oil contaminated soil and materials, etc.
(4) Sign agreements with the local municipal department to clear all kinds of waste from temporary storage points;
(5) Hazardous waste is stored in hazardous waste storage points that comply with hazardous waste storage regulations; general waste (non-hazardous waste) will be transported to the landfill or waste storage site designated by the municipal department;
(6) HSE management personnel of the project will regularly check the container, waste bags and waste bins, and check if the waste is dumping in the correct location.
3.7.4 Waste transfer sheet
In order to avoid the illegal dumping of waste, waste removal shall have a complete transfer sheet.
(1) The waste can only be transferred to a qualified company;
(2) The waste transfer sheet shall be completed HSE management personnel of the project;
(3) The transfer order shall be jointly signed by both parties, and the copy shall be kept until the end of the project.
3.7.5 Disposal of recyclable waste materials
(1) Provide useful waste to the local community residents as a case of fulfillment of social responsibility;
(2) Transfer the recyclable waste picked out by workers to the site for use.
(3) Liquidate the non-recyclable waste which can be sold; dispose the non-recyclable waste which can't be sold in accordance with the relevant provisions of local laws.
3.7.6 Construction waste disposal
18.104.22.168 Concrete waste management
(1) During concrete sample testing
(a) When the concrete is discharged, sample by means of the retention in container or mixture discharging in container (usually by a trolley). This method will result in the concrete being spilled, which shall be removed immediately, and stored in the temporary concrete pit on site. On-site temporary concrete pit is made of impervious materials and adopts soil stacking as a dam, and the adequate thick polyethylene plastic shall be laid or the impervious pit designed by the civil engineer shall be used to prevent leakage;
(b) Place the slump cylinder on a flat, wet, non-absorbent and hard surface for testing (e.g. concrete pavement; if tested on a non-concrete pavement, impermeable materials shall be used to prevent leakage and seepage);
(c) In the slump test, the top layer is tamped, and the surface of the concrete is tapped to be flush with the top of the slump cylinder. During the slump test, if too much concrete is spilled from sides, the spilled concrete shall be removed and disposed of in the temporary concrete pits or in the flushing facility;
(d) Once a single sample has been completed, all used concrete waste and waste materials are removed, collected, and transported to a flushing facility or on-site temporary concrete pits for disposal.
(2) During concrete pouring
(a) In the course of the pouring, once the concrete mixer has started pouring concrete, it can't remove excess concrete that is spilled around the pouring area. After pouring, remove the excess concrete in the area, and place it in a temporary concrete pool, to prevent its pollution of the soil;
(b) In the course of the pouring, dispose of the concrete waste in the on-site temporary concrete pit or flushing facility (if near).
(3) After concrete pouring
(a) On-site flushing: flush the waste into temporary concrete pit with impervious cushion layer, where the concrete can be solidified and crushed, and then dumped into waste disposal area;
(b) When flushing concrete to remove fine particles and expose the aggregate, water shall be discharged into a trench or flat area to prevent runoff;
(c) Do not flush concrete debris with exposed aggregates into streets or rain gutter. Collect and transport the debris back to the aggregate stockpile or in the waste bin;
(d) Do not dump excess concrete outside the designated area;
(e) Consider the collection of discarded concrete in a suitable flushing pit to convert the waste concrete into gravel, sand and silt in the pit and subsequently collect and reuse it;
(f) Consider non-hazardous waste sediment, sludge and fine aggregate as fillers, crushed stone stabilizer or landfill covering;
(g) Use on-site waste concrete for construction (e.g. silo retaining wall, unsealed area of road surface, building surrounding, parking lot and all road);
(h) If practicable, crush the waste residue for the modification of ground objects, walkways, tracks, cladding materials and other types of block walls, partitions or curbs.
(4) Removal of temporary concrete flushing facility
(a) Sediment, aggregate and other waste accumulated in temporary concrete flushing facility shall be disposed of in accordance with the advice of the Owner or the Supervisor (for example, discarding to the designated waste disposal area or recycling);
(b) If contaminated water is present in the temporary wash pits, the water shall be pumped out. If the concrete has hardened, it be removed or broken up completely, and dumped to the owner specified waste disposal area;
(c) If the hardened concrete can’t be completely removed, it shall be broken up by hand-held rock drill and dumped to the Owner specified waste disposal area
(d) If the temporary pit is discarded, the voids, depressions or other formation disturbances generated by the concrete waste cleaning up shall be backfilled to restore their original appearance or have necessary maintenance.
(5) Waste water management
(a) Take measures to prevent the waste concrete and dust from flowing into the rain gutter;
(b) The waste water resulting from washing the concrete mixing station and concrete tanker shall be discharged after reaching standard by passing the sedimentation tank and using other treatment methods.
22.214.171.124 Waste wood, scrap iron and scrap vehicles and equipment management
(a) Waste wood can be dumped to waste disposal area, or sent to nearby residents;
(b) Scrap iron, which can be reused, can be adopted for the construction of the project or the temporary construction project after the approval of the Supervisor; it may be disposed of in accordance with the relevant provisions if can't be reused;
(c) Vehicles and equipment approved for disposal by the Company may be disposed of as scrap iron.
3.8 Hazardous Substance Control
3.8.1 Hazardous chemical control
(1) Transport of hazardous chemicals
(a) Common hazardous chemicals in the construction site include liquefied petroleum gas, natural gas, acetylene, gasoline, diesel oil [closed cup flash point ≤60℃], explosive substances, paint [closed cup flash point ≤60℃], liquid-nitrogen, etc. HSE management identifies and distinguishes hazardous chemicals in accordance with local laws;
(b) Hazardous chemicals shall be transported in accordance with the relevant provisions of local law; or by a competent third party transport company, or by the production and operation enterprises; transport vehicle safety technical measures comply with local legal requirements.
(2) Storage of hazardous chemicals
Hazardous chemical storage at the construction site involves storage points for explosives, liquid ammonia and diesel. Basic requirements for storage areas:
(a) Keep them away from the field operation area, using guardrail, fence and other reasonable protection measures to avoid possible damage to vehicles and equipment;
(b) Provide the necessary safety controls. Only authorized persons, such as trained personnel, may carry and use hazardous chemicals;
(c) Site away from environmentally sensitive sources (e.g. drinking water sources, wetlands, streams and ruins);
(d) Storage points are well protected against rain;
(e) The storage point shall be constructed with a capacity of 110% of the maximum storage capacity and equipped with the necessary leakage cleaning equipment (such as sand, shovel, red plastic bag, plastic bucket and rag).
(f) Provide fire-fighting equipment, such as fire extinguishers;
(g) Provide the necessary lightning protection, anti-static, grounding devices;
(h) Post material safety data sheet (MSDS) for hazardous chemicals;
(i) Set up the necessary safety warning signs;
(j) Meet the required safety protection distance;
(k) Assign professional security personnel for 24 hours guard.
The person in charge of HSE participates in reviewing the location and design of hazardous substances storage area.
3.8.2 Control of oil products
(1) Transport of oil products
A qualified third party transport company that complies with the relevant provisions of local law is responsible for the transport of oil products.
(2) Storage of oil products
(a) Select storage point away from environmentally sensitive sources (e.g. wetlands, streams and ruins);
(b) Well protected against rain;
(c) The storage point shall be constructed with a capacity of 110% of the maximum storage capacity and equipped with the necessary leakage cleaning equipment (such as sand, sawdust, shovel, oil-absorbing cloth, red plastic bag, plastic bucket and rag).
(d) Provide fire-fighting equipment, such as fire extinguishers;
(g) Provide the necessary lightning protection, anti-static, grounding devices;
(f) Post material safety data sheet (MSDS) for chemicals;
(g) Set up the necessary safety warning signs;
(h) Meet the required safety protection distance.
3.8.3 Disposal of hazardous substances leakage
Causes of fuel and chemical leakage during construction:
(a) Leakage or spillage of engine or other rotating equipment containing lubricating oil or diesel oil;
(b) Leakage or spillage of containers containing rollers and boxes;
(c) Leakage or spillage resulting from improper storage or packing in the warehouse;
(d) Spillage of on-site painting and other hazardous substances.
(2) Measures shall be taken when the leakage occurs
(b) Sandbags are required to limit leakage for large leakage (if applicable);
(c) Use absorbent materials (e.g. sand, sawdust, oil-absorbing cloth, etc.) to wipe out leakage (small-scale leakage); for large-scale leakage, excavate a trench in the lower part of the leakage area to prevent contamination of groundwater and place absorbent materials in the trench;
(d) Store the contaminated absorbent material (waste oil, oil filter, oil-contaminated articles are hazardous waste) contaminated soil in a durable plastic bag in a suitable container;
(e) Backfill open trench, and compact it with clean soil; if required, restore the contaminated area to its original state;
(f) Prepare incident report.
(3) Measures to prevent leakage
(a) Provide training about the prevention of leakage of hazardous substances and clean-up of pollutants;
(b) Place a spare empty bucket near the fuel and waste oil storage area to facilitate the transfer of material in the leaking container;
(c) The container shall be tightly sealed after use;
(d) Treat used lubricating oil, grease, etc. as hazardous waste properly;
(e) Set up special machinery and equipment cleaning and maintenance sites, and set up rainproof shelters and grease traps.
3.8.4 Hazardous waste disposal
(1) Hazardous waste categories
According to the hazardous characteristics of the waste (such as flammability, corrosion, reactivity, toxicity and carcinogenicity), the common hazardous waste on the construction site are:
(a) Diesel fuel;
(b) Lubricating oil (including waste oil);
(d) Empty tank;
(e) Other petroleum products;
(f) Discarded chemicals;
(g) Waste lubricating oil;
(2) Collection and treatment of hazardous waste
(a) Collect hazardous waste such as waste batteries, lubricants, oil filters, greases, paint containers, sealants, additives, tarpaulins and medical waste) into dedicated waste bags or appropriate storage containers (barrels), with clear marks;
(b) Collect waste chemicals and lubricants in accordance with the recommendations and instructions of the specific material safety data sheet (MSDS);
(c) For large leaks, other appropriate industrial cleaning methods (such as sorbent, vacuum system and oil skimmer) may be used, and the waste may be stored in a larger temporary storage tank until the waste is processed in the facility designated by the municipal department.
(d) Regularly collect medical waste from medical rooms and nursing stations;
(e) Do not mix hazardous waste with domestic waste to prevent it from being contaminated;
(f) Special storage containers for hazardous waste and contaminated soil in each working face.
(3) Hazardous waste storage
(a) Hazardous waste storage area is designed with anti-seepage pool;
(b) Containers and tanks shall be made of suitable or compatible materials for long-term storage of hazardous waste and labeled;
(C) Containers containing volatile substances must have lids;
(d) Hazardous waste storage areas shall be concrete ground. The roofs shall be sun proof, rain proof and wind proof, with guard rails around them and shall be marked with safety warning signs and provided with fire-fighting equipment.
(e) Place anti-leakage kits at the waste storage sites and train workers on how to use them properly.
(4) Hazardous waste transport and disposal
(a) Barreled hazardous substances (e.g. waste oil and soil contaminants) shall be disposed of at the location of company authorized by the host country of the project;
(b) Recruit qualified third parties as subcontractors for the transport and disposal of waste, carry out regular recovery of hazardous waste, and complete the hazardous waste transfer sheet.
3.9 Energy saving and Emission Reduction
Take appropriate measures to improve energy and resource use efficiency, save raw materials, energy and water resources, reduce greenhouse gas emissions and improve environmental management performance. Enhance staff awareness of energy conservation, improve resource use efficiency, advocate the production and lifestyle of conservation, low-carbon and health, and promote the company development of energy-saving emission reduction. We advocate:
(1) Carry out energy-saving emission reduction activities;
(2) Provide training and education about energy-saving emission reduction;
(3) Employee activities of energy-saving emission reduction
(a) Water conservation: inspection and maintenance of pipelines to reduce evaporating, emitting, dripping or leaking;
(b) Electricity saving: after the end of the work, close the construction site and office electrical equipment, and do not let the office electrical equipment in a standby state, to avoid "ever-bright light", etc.;
(c) Paper saving: make duplex printing, duplex copying; reduce or not use disposable paper cups;
(d) Oil saving: carpool to go out for business.
3.10 Land Use and Rehabilitation
3.10.1 Land acquisition
(1) Types of land acquisition
According to the provisions of the main contract signed, the construction site is divided into two types of land acquisition: the Owner is responsible for providing land (the Owner is responsible for land acquisition) and the project land acquisition (including project occupancy, purchase and lease land).
(2) Land acquisition and resettlement
(a) For the land provided by the Owner agreed in the contract, the Owner is responsible for the land acquisition and resettlement.
(b) According to the actual needs of production and living, the land requisition by the project can be done in accordance with the following steps for resettlement:
Conduct field survey on local families, population and other information, as well as the existence of cultural relics;
Set resettlement objectives, including calculation of production resettlement population, calculation of relocation resettlement population, etc.
Determine resettlement planning objectives and resettlement standards;
Prepare resettlement program, including production resettlement program, relocation resettlement program, transitional relocation program, etc.
The resettlement program includes the status of resettlement sites, the geological evaluation of resettlement sites, the scale of resettlement sites, the planning of resettlement sites (residential slope protection and backfilling, internal drainage, internal transportation, domestic water and electricity, etc.) and the resettlement planning (house location, orientation, decoration and area, etc.);
The transitional resettlement planning includes the signing of the transitional resettlement agreement, the payment of the relocation allowance, rental fee, transitional period allowance and other transitional resettlement investment plans.
For the temporary occupation of land, some temporary transition compensation may be given to landlords. That is, in the temporary occupation period, according to the signed contracted and agreement, yearly pay living allowances to solve the livelihoods of the residents during the period.
(3) Land restoration
(a) The permanent land acquisition shall be carried out in accordance with the final design program of the project approved by the Owner and the Supervisor;
After the temporary occupation of land, land leveling and vegetation restoring shall be carried out in accordance with the provisions of the environmental laws of the host country of the project and the agreement with the Owner or landlords.
3.10.2 Restoration of construction sites and camps
(a) Prepare exit plan in accordance with the requirements of the Owner or the Supervisor prior to exiting the working face;
(b) After the completion of the construction, the temporary plants and buildings shall be dismantled in accordance with the contract signed or final rectification agreement reached with the Owner or landlords;
(c) After the site is backfilled, other areas affected by the construction shall be cleaned and restored;
(d) After the completion of the construction, the temporary fuel storage site shall be completely restored and checked for the presence of hydrocarbon pollution. If there is pollution, the contaminated soil shall be cleaned up.
3.10.3 Vegetation restoration and landscaping
(a) Plant indigenous plants (grass and saplings), and protect biodiversity and wildlife habitat, in accordance with agreements with the Owner and landlords;
(b) The HSE management of the project shall supervise the implementation of landscaping in order to ensure that the vegetation area and the green area conform to the requirements of the design drawings and local codes.
3.11 Soil and Water Conservation
3.11.1 General measures of soil and water conservation
(1) Before construction, make detailed planning on the temporary drainage of the construction site, and configure the corresponding temporary drainage facilities;
(2) During the surface clearing, collect and stack surface soil in appropriate place for vegetation restoration in future;
(3) The destruction of forest vegetation and forest trees and flowers beyond the scope of land acquisition is strictly prohibited;
(4) Waste sand, stone and soil shall be transported to the designated waste disposal area. Do not dump them into rivers, lakes, reservoirs and drains outside the waste disposal area;
(5) Do a good job in greening of the live area, and plant trees and grass where possible to beautify the environment and prevent soil erosion;
(6) Take slope greening or slope protection measures, or construct intercepting ditch, gutter, etc. for steep and dangerous slopes to ensure the stability of the slope.
3.11.2 Waste disposal area management
(1) Waste can be discarded to the waste disposal area
Discard the waste which can be dumped to the waste disposal area in accordance with the local laws. Under normal circumstances, only excavated stone ballast, solidified concrete, wood and wood materials (paper, cardboard, etc.) can be discarded to the waste disposal area. The other waste can't be discarded to the waste disposal area, such as scrap iron, plastic, rubber, scrap clothing and so on.
(2) Analysis of soil erosion
The waste disposal area is located in the mountain, which may have the following ways of soil erosion:
(a) Soil erosion in the waste disposal area resulting from rainfall and runoff due to rainfall;
(b) Soil erosion in waste disposal area resulting from uncompacted waste;
(c) Soil erosion in the waste disposal area resulting from worse or failed protection or drainage measures;
(d) Soil erosion of surface planting soil resulting from rainfall or runoff due to inadequate greening;
(e) Soil erosion resulting from bare ground and no vegetation cover due to artificial destruction of vegetation.
(3) Soil and water conservation measures in the waste disposal area
(a) Before discarding waste to the waste disposal area, clear and collect the surface turf and humus for rehabilitation after the completion of the discarding;
(b) During the discarding in the waste disposal area, the waste shall be stacked in layers. If necessary, the equipment shall be used to compact the waste, and the ratio of the stacked waste slope shall be strictly controlled;
(c) Because the long period of the discarding in the waste disposal area, the temporary drainage facility shall be provided prior to the formation, so that the temporary drainage in the process of waste discarding is centralized or directly discharged into the nearby rivers;
(d) The slope toe of the waste disposal area shall be protected according to the design height. If necessary, retaining walls or gabions may be lengthened to ensure the stability of waste in the waste disposal area;
(e) During the period of soil and water conservation, the HSE functional department will regularly and irregularly inspect the soil and water conservation of the waste disposal area, and monitor the status of the soil and water conservation;
(f) Timely conduct the waste leveling, to make the top center remain high and the surrounding low during the whole process of waste discarding to ensure no water accumulation during the flood season;
(g) After the formation of the waste disposal area is shaped, the topsoil collected can be used, and the high quality planting soil can also be outsourced;
(h) In order to ensure the stability of the slope retaining wall, the wall shall be provided with adequate water discharge holes to prevent the mortar from scouring due to penetrating water collection, which leads to the instability of the wall;
(i) If an intercepting ditch is required around the waste disposal area, it shall be provided timely to minimize the effect of runoff to the area.
3.12 Biological Diversity and Biological Invasion
In accordance with the contract signed with the Owner, before the project construction, animal and plant experts or professional organizations of the host country will be hired to carry out the survey of the biodiversity within the affected areas of the project, and the relevant experts will make the corresponding assessment; list key protective plants and animals; formulate appropriate mitigation measures, and adopt appropriate education and training and publicity to inform employees of the importance of biodiversity conservation and how to identify and protect key plants and animals, to minimize impacts on biodiversity.
3.12.1 Plant protection
(1) Conduct site construction operation and management in accordance with the legal provisions of the host country of the project on plant ecosystem protection;
(2) The construction activities are limited to the construction site authorized by the Owner;
(3) The passages of vehicles and transport trucks are restricted to public roads and approved access roads;
(4) Employees shall not cut down local plants for use, sale and other purpose;
(5) Conduct site surveys with the Owner's Representative, and keep the indicated trees, shrubs and plants which can't be cut down;
(6) Take appropriate measures to avoid damage to plants during construction. If trees, shrubs and other plants that need to be transplanted are located within the scope of the construction, transfer them to the Owner's designated botanic garden or transplant them to other locations designated by the Owner's Representative.
3.12.2 Animal protection
(1) Conduct site construction operation and management in accordance with the legal provisions of the host country of the project on wildlife biodiversity;
(2) If the wild animals along the road, the driver shall slow down to let wild animals pass safely. Wild animals have the right of way along the access road;
(3) Every morning, the site excavation shall be checked to see if there is a trapped animal. If there is, capture and release the trapped animal and do not harm it.
(4) Prohibit employees from hunting or trapping animal;
(5) Prohibit employees from hunting and eating local wild animals.
(6) Take appropriate measures to avoid impacting the life of wild animals in the affected areas during construction.
3.12.3 Prevention of biological invasion
(1) Prohibit any person from introducing any new species into the site of the project, including seeds, food with plant seeds, etc.
(2) Strengthen the propaganda, education and training of biological invasion prevention, raise the individual's awareness of environmental protection and avoid the occurrence of alien species (i.e. living animals and plants);
(3) Severely punish those responsible for carrying alien species (i.e. live animals and plants);
(4) In order to prevent harmful pests from harming the forest resources of the importing country, all the equipment transportation agreements require the export of goods with wood packaging must be shipped after pesticide treatment.
3.13 Monitoring and Improvement
3.13.1 Environmental monitoring
(1) According to the contract signed with the owners, the local legal requirements and other requirements, develop project environmental monitoring plan, and organize the implementation;
(2) General environmental monitoring shall include: drinking water quality testing, sedimentation tank water quality testing, grease trap and septic tank water quality testing, noise detection, vibration detection, dust detection, air quality testing, lighting testing, etc. According to the contract with the Owner and local laws, choose test items and detection frequency;
(3) Testing standards shall comply with standards and specifications by local laws;
(4) Purchase the monitoring instruments approved by the Supervisor for self-monitoring, or employ qualified local testing organizations for monitoring;
(5) Self-purchased environment monitoring instruments shall be sent to a qualified organization in accordance with local laws for calibration.
(6) HSE management personnel or on-site HSE inspector is in charge of the self-environment monitoring.
According to the results of the environmental monitoring, the HSE person in charge will discuss the solution with the project production and site construction persons in charge, to provide adequate mechanical equipment and personnel and take corrective measures in a timely manner to reduce or eliminate environmental problems. For the problems unable to be rectified at the moment, take timely measures to avoid the expansion of environmental impact, and timely discuss countermeasures to be implemented.
3.14 Communication and Complaint
Through communication, managers can convey environmental regulations, training programs, management knowledge and meeting content and other management information to employees so that they are informed of the corresponding environmental management regulations and environmental knowledge to avoid environmental pollution incidents; Through complaint, employees can provide feedback about on-site environmental issues and demands to the manager, for timely detecting and eliminating hidden dangers, effectively preventing environmental pollution incidents, and properly protecting the local environment.
The content of communication is the same as in Section 11.2 of Occupational Health.
The content of the complaint is the same as Section 11.3 of Occupational Health.
Chapter 4 Prevention and Control of Social Risks
4.1 Principles and Ideas
We adhere to the principles and ideas of "respecting the rights of employees, paying attention to the interests of stakeholders, fulfilling social responsibility, building a harmonious community relationship, establishing a good corporate image and promoting sustainable development", to build a harmonious social relationship and strengthen social risk prevention, and take effective measures to ensure employee personal and property safety.
4.2 Objectives and Management Plan
Achieve the harmonious development with communities and residents around the project, and minimize the impact on the surrounding.
4.2.2 Management plan
(1) Carry out social risk identification, and estimate the impact and consequence of social risks. Make social risk evaluation;
(2) Develop social risk prevention measures: take measures to reduce and avoid the impact on employees and surrounding communities, or if unavoidable, minimize the impact and take appropriate compensation or offset measures;
(3) Ensure that complaints from affected communities and views from other stakeholders can be heard and replied;
(4) Check the objectives of the social risk prevention and the completion of the program;
(5) Rectify the problems found in time, and take appropriate measures to ensure achieving the objectives of the social risk prevention.
4.3 Public institutions and Community Relations
4.3.1 Public Institutions and communities
The public institutions and community groups that may be involved in the implementation phase of the project may include transportation, railway, electricity, gas, sanitation, military, police, fire, health and emergency departments, social groups affected by the project activities, etc.
4.3.2 Notice of construction disturbance
(1) Inform the community residents of the possible disturbance of the construction activities to the daily life of the community, so that they can make preparation and take corresponding measures; the disturbance includes excavation, construction noise, dust and fume, crosswalk blocking, night construction, etc. in the public facilities and nearby areas.
(2) If the construction activities have a greater impact on the community, the community residents shall be notified in advance through newspapers, radio, leaflets or posts and signage in and around the construction area and other means.
4.3.3 Interpersonal and community relations
(1) Code of conduct for Chinese employees
(a) Respect for the religious beliefs and customs of the locals and be friendly with the local employees and the community residents;
(b) Comply with the labor management system of the local employees, and do not beat, insult, discriminate against or arbitrarily fire local employees;
(c) Keep a low profile when going out; no loud noise, no horseplay in public places; avoid conflict with others as much as possible;
(d) Do not enter places of entertainment where there is pornography, gambling, or drug trafficking;
(e) Refrain from attending religious beliefs and ritual activities in the local area. Do not observe, ridicule, derogate and hinder religious beliefs and sacrifices of locals. Do not make comments on kings, national leaders, religious leaders or joke with their names. For the local language books found, they shall be given to the locals for disposal.
(f) Support initiatives that address community priorities, such as education, health, livelihood, environmental protection and cultural preservation.
(2) Project and community relations
(a) After the project entry, the project needs to understand the needs of the community residents through forums, visits, and questionnaires. The community assistance plan of the project will be formulated according to local laws and actual situations.
(b) During the implementation of the community assistance plan, collect opinions of residents through forums, visits and questionnaires, and adjust and implement the community assistance plan in time;
(c) Disclose the environmental impact assessment, the corresponding environmental mitigation measures, community assistance plan, etc. and accept the supervision community residents;
(d) Disclose community communication mechanisms, community liaison officers and their contact information and make regular visits so that the community and residents can reflect and complain about relevant issues;
(e) Maintain open dialogues with the community (regularly hold a coordination meeting with the community) to consult on the possible impacts of construction activities; where possible, present some of the waste materials or provide some help to the community residents without affecting construction activities;
(f) Set up a project open day, to invite resident representatives to visit the project, to let the residents know the progress of the project and the environmental mitigation measures, and to enhance the understanding and mutual trust between the project and the community;
(g) Establish good relations of mutual respect and respect for the religious beliefs and customs of locals;
(h) Provide the working knowledge and skills in the community through individual or cooperative means to enable their abilities to earn a living;
(i) Give priority to recruiting and hiring people in the affected community to improve the employment rate and income level of the residents;
(j) According to the actual situation, the doctors employed by the project can be arranged for community residents to carry out training about infectious disease prevention.
4.3.4 Reducing the impact of construction on the community
(1) Take methods and measures to minimize the impact of construction on the community;
(2) For the increased community road traffic flow due to the construction, the project department shall promptly set up signs, timely repair damaged roads, and strictly regulate the driver's driving behavior, to prevent traffic accidents.
4.4 Employment Guidance and Skills Training
(1) In order to promote good relations with nearby communities and increase the number of skilled workers available for the project, with the authorization of the local government, independently or jointly with the local government and other legal institutions, the project may provide employment guidance for local residents free of charge;
(2) Develop skills training plan for community residents, and organize the implementation; encourage and reward grassroots skills, and actively conduct community skills training;
(3) The project will notify training plan, training content, registration contact, contact information and so on in advance, so that the local residents can make preparation.
(4) According to the actual situations of the project, the employment guidance and skills training can be conducted on a regular or irregular basis, and a certificate of completion (the certificate system conforms to the requirements of the local government or the cooperation institution) will be issued;
(5) The project will give priority to personnel with outstanding performance in the training to solve the employment problem of local residents.
4.5 Labor Rights
(1) Human resources management
(a) The project sets up human resources management department and its responsibilities, and formulates a sound employment management system in accordance with local laws.
(b) Provide employees with clear and understandable written information on the rights of employees at the beginning of the work and any substantial changes. These rights conform to the relevant provisions of the labor laws and employment laws of the host country, including working hour, wage, overtime and welfare rights.
(2) Working conditions and employment terms
(a) Sign employment contracts with employees based on the relevant legal requirements of the location of the project and the relevant provisions of the main contract, and clear working conditions in the contract (in compliance with local laws) and salary and benefit system;
(b) Provide accommodation and basic service requirements to employees in accordance with the relevant legal requirements of the location of the project and the relevant provisions of the main contract, including accommodation, commuting, security, water supply, sewerage and waste disposal system, adequate protection against heat, cold, humidity, noise, fire and disease carrying animals, adequate sanitation and bathing facilities, ventilation, cooking and storage equipment, natural and artificial lighting, and, in some cases, basic health-care services.
(3) Employee organization
(a) If the laws of the host country of the project commit the employees who have the right participate in employee organization freely and the right to bargain collectively, the project shall comply with the laws. If the laws of the host country substantially limit the employee organization, the project accepts the employee's willingness to express the complaint through other mechanisms and protects the employee's rights in working conditions and employment terms;
(b) The project does not prevent employees from electing employee representatives, organizing or participating in self-selected employees' organization or collective bargaining, and does not discriminate or retaliate against employees who are participating in or seeking to participate in staff organization and collective bargaining;
(c) The project will communicate with employee representatives and employee organizations to provide them with information required for meaningful negotiations.
(4) Non-discrimination and equal opportunities
(a) Attach importance to the interests of employees, and maximize the protection of the legitimate rights and interests of employees, to establish harmonious labor relations;
(b) Insist on equal treatment of employees of different nationalities, races, genders, religious beliefs and cultural backgrounds, and prohibit the employment and use of child labor and resist all forms of forced labor;
(c) Equal rights of male and female employees;
(d) Focus on promoting the employment of local residents, women and ethnic minorities, and make efforts to increase employment opportunities in local communities.
(5) Complaint mechanism
(a) Establish the employee complaint system of the project, so that employees can address complaints on work.
(b) The complaint mechanism includes the involvement of the project management in the processing of complaints and the provision of timely feedback to the complaint employee.
4.6 Land acquisition, Demolition and Resettlement
(1) The land requisition and resettlement by the Owner. Before the project commences, it is necessary to know the responsibility ownership of the resettlement and land acquisition. If the Owner is responsible for this, the project shall also urge the Owner to complete the resettlement and land acquisition in time, to prevent the impact on contract schedule;
(2) The land requisition and resettlement by the project. The project implements the resettlement plan, sets up a special organization responsible for the resettlement work, and through the open and transparent ways, informs the public of the information such as the choice of the resettlement site, the compensation and the new infrastructure construction;
(3) The large-scale land acquisition and resettlement by the project shall follow the following process:
(a) Set up a special organization to take charge of the resettlement and disclose the contact information and work place information of the person in charge of the organization in the community;
(b) Propose detailed planning on the basis of careful physical investigation on site. The physical survey results are signed by the investigator and the person to be investigated jointly for confirmation;
(c) According to the relevant laws of the project location and the relevant provisions of the main contract, the resettlement planning outline shall be compiled, which includes the resettlement tasks, destination, standards, resettlement mode of rural resettlers, evaluation of resettlers' living standard, prediction of living standard after relocation, post support policies for reservoir resettlement, principles of delimiting the affected area above the submerged line, principles of developing resettlement planning, etc.;
(d) When developing the resettlement planning outline, the opinions of the resettlers, and the residents in resettlement areas shall be extensively listened.
(e) Formulate the land use plan, and organize and coordinate the implementation;
(f) Implement the policy of the government where the project is located, and conduct timely compensation and payment;
(h) Land acquisition compensation and resettlement funds shall be deposited in special accounts and accounted for separately and shall not be used for other purposes;
(i) Conduct comprehensive supervision of resettlement to strengthen and improve management;
(j) Carry out the external monitoring and evaluation of resettlement according to the requirements of World Bank.
(k) According to the laws of the host country of the project, after the completion of the resettlement, within a certain period, the income level of the resettlers shall meet the requirements local standards.
(4) The temporary land occupation and resettlement by project
The project specific person will negotiate with the landlord for the temporary land occupation, and sign the agreements of the temporary land occupation and resettlement, in accordance with the relevant laws of the project location and the relevant provisions of the main contract. Provide compensation or help for house construction, land leasing costs, land leveling, site recovery after use, etc., to ensure the interests of mutual benefit in accordance with the agreements.
4.7 Natural Heritage and Cultural Relics Protection
(1) The person in charge of the construction site shall check the existence of material cultural heritage in the area prior to commencement; if there is, it shall be marked, and delineate the scope of protection, and immediately notify the Owner and the Supervisor. The Owner is responsible for dealing with the heritage.
(2) If any uncertain cultural relics are found in the construction, the surrounding area shall be temporarily suspended, and the designated area shall be prohibited from entering and inform the project department. The project department immediately notifies the Owner and the Supervisor. The Owner is responsible for dealing with the relics;
(3) Organize the corresponding education and training, so that employees can understand the significance of natural heritage and cultural relics protection, and improve their awareness of natural heritage and cultural relics protection.
4.8 Anti-Corruption and Anti-Bribery Policies
4.8.1 Anti-corruption and anti-bribery provisions
(1) We have zero tolerance for corruption and bribery;
(2) Prohibit possessing what belongs to the company;
(3) Prohibit any form of bribery or bride demand, direct or indirect, to any person or group, including government officials, subcontractors, suppliers, as well as Chinese and foreign employees.
4.8.2 Anti-corruption and anti-bribery measures
(1) The anti-corruption and anti-bribery systems for the project include reporting reward system and implementation;
(2) Carry out training, education and publicity activities on laws, regulations and systems on anti-corruption and anti-bribery so that employees can understand the relevant provisions;
(3) Sign letter of commitment claiming anti-corruption and anti-bribery with employees;
(4) Set up reporting box, reporting telephone and supervisory organization. Employees can report frauds or violations to the relevant department in accordance with the relevant provisions and procedures; the supervisory organization shall carry out the punishment in accordance with the relevant provisions; if necessary, report to the police or procuratorial organs;
(5) Provide the caution education of the anti-corruption and anti-bribery and method of refuse the bride demand from local officials for the Chinese and foreign employees to raise their awareness, for not offering and demand brides, and reaching the level "don't want to corrupt, do not corrupt and don't dare to corrupt";
(6) Any costs incurred by bribes shall not be included in project cost.
4.9 Community Complaint
4.9.1 Relation thawing and compensation
If the following things happen, community residents can complain:
(1) If the construction or operation activities damage the farmers' crops or harm the health of the livestock, they shall have the right to complaint to the person in charge of environmental protection and claim damages from the project;
(2) During construction, the project employees and the villagers may be in conflict, if the behavior of the workers offend the villagers, the relevant management personnel must track and deal with such conflicts;
(3) For the villages along the access road of the contractor which may face the risk of dust, excessive traffic or traffic accidents, the villagers shall be ensured the right to make complaints and claims.
Take the following measures to timely obtain complaints from community residents:
(1) The community liaison officer is responsible for complaints of community residents. The complaint email, telephone and contact information will be disclosed in the obvious place in the community;
(2) Set up suggestion or complaint box in the obvious place in the community;
(3) Design, produce and distribute "complaint feedback sheet" in the local language.
4.9.3 Monitoring, tracking and evaluating
Record each complaint, monitor, track and evaluate the corresponding rectification situation, and timely respond to the complainant on the rectification and processing of the complaint.